Access, distribution and management of natural resources including land, renewable and non-renewable resources have often been at the core of violent conflicts. The United Nations estimates that since 1950, 40 per cent of all intrastate conflicts have had a link to natural resources, and that this link increases the risk of conflict relapse within the first five years after a peace agreement.
At the same time, improved natural resource governance offers opportunities for more effective conflict prevention and peacebuilding. The challenge lies in converting the revenues derived from natural resource extraction into livelihoods, jobs, infrastructure, and the basic services needed to consolidate and sustain peace.
This course provides participants with an appreciation of the complex relationships between natural resources and conflict, illustrated by case studies from around the world. It introduces participants to a range of tools for addressing those links including conflict analysis, conflict resolution strategies and conflict prevention based on good resource governance. Participants will gain a greater understanding of the risks and opportunities presented by natural resources in fragile and conflict-affected situations.