South America

 

There are 257 items related to South America. Items are listed by date added.

 

Fuelling Conflict in Colombia: The Impact of Gold Mining in Chocó

Fuelling Conflict in Colombia: The Impact of Gold Mining in Chocó

Source: ABColombia, Catholic Agency For Overseas Development, Christian Aid, Oxfam GB, Scottish Catholic International Aid Fund, and Trócaire, 2015

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Extractive Resources, Land

Added: 04/12/2016

 

It is no coincidence that Chocó, a region rich in natural resources, has also been one of the focal points of the Colombian conflict, with thousands of people killed or forcibly displaced. Uncontrolled small-scale mechanised mining in Chocó has proved to be a lucrative business for illegal armed groups, helping...

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Autocracy and Redistribution: The Politics of Land Reform

Autocracy and Redistribution: The Politics of Land Reform

Source: University of Chicago, 2015

Author(s): Michael Albertus

Countries: Peru, Venezuela

Topics: Governance, Land

Added: 21/11/2016

 

When and why do countries redistribute land to the landless? What political purposes does land reform serve, and what place does it have in today's world? A longstanding literature dating back to Aristotle and echoed in important recent works holds that redistribution should be both higher and more targeted at...

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Cartografìa del Conflicto: Narcoparamilitares y Guerrilla

Cartografìa del Conflicto: Narcoparamilitares y Guerrilla

Conflict Cartograhy: Narcoparamilitaries and Guerrillas

Source: Instituto de Estudios para el Desarrollo y la Paz, 2012

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Land, Renewable Resources

Added: 21/11/2016

 

Desde los inicios de la desmovilización, en 2005, varias organizaciones defensoras de los derechos humanos, como Cinep, Codhes, la Asamblea Permanente de la Sociedad Civil por la Paz, la Comisión Colombiana de Juristas (CCJ) e Indepaz, advirtieron sobre los problemas de ese proceso y la posibilidad latente de que se...

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Memoria Històrica de las Fumigaciones (1978 - 2015)

Memoria Històrica de las Fumigaciones (1978 - 2015)

A Historical Memory of the Fumigations, 1978 - 2015

Source: Instituto de Estudios para el Desarrollo y la Paz, 2015

Author(s): María Mercedes Moreno

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Land, Renewable Resources

Added: 21/11/2016

 

La aspersión aérea es una medida por la cual se utilizan aviones para rociar agroquímicos desde el aire. Los colombianos conocemos esta medida como “fumigaciones”. En Colombia, el Estado utiliza la medida de aspersión aérea de mezclas de herbicidas con coadyuvantes que los potencian con la intención afirmada de erradicar/exterminar...

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Tierras y Conflictos Rurales

Tierras y Conflictos Rurales

Land and Rural Conflicts

Source: Centro Nacional de Memoria Histórica, 2016

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Land, Livelihoods, Programming

Added: 16/11/2016

 

Este informe presenta los resultados nacionales del proyecto de investigación del CNMH, Tierras, organización social y territorio. Pone a disposición una exhaustiva información estadística sobre las políticas de tierras del Estado colombiano en el siglo XX y la primera década del XXI, presenta nuevas hipótesis sobre las estructuras agrarias de...

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Ambiente, Minería y Post Conflicto en Colombia: Los Casos del Catatumbo y Sur de Bolívar

Ambiente, Minería y Post Conflicto en Colombia: Los Casos del Catatumbo y Sur de Bolívar

Environment, Mining and Post-Conflict in Colombia: The Cases of Catatumbo and South Bolivar

Source: Cinep, Cordaid, Fescol, and NIMD, 2016

Author(s): Andrés Felipe Aponte, Zohanny Arboleda, and Víctor Barrera

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Extractive Resources, Land

Added: 16/11/2016

 

Este documento presenta dos estudios de caso que corresponden a las regiones Catatumbo y sur de Bolívar, en él se examina cómo el proceso de configuración regional (dinámicas de poblamiento, formas de integración de la vida nacional política y económica, actividades productivas, entre otras) ha incidido de forma importante no...

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From Coca to Butterflies: Managing Natural Resources for Post-Conflict Peacebuilding. A Case Study of Otanche Community, Colombia.

From Coca to Butterflies: Managing Natural Resources for Post-Conflict Peacebuilding. A Case Study of Otanche Community, Colombia.

Source: Lund University, 2016

Author(s): Ani Mosulishvili

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Economic Recovery , Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 16/11/2016

 

Inspired by environmental peacebuilding literature, this research explores the peacebuilding potential of natural resources through a qualitative case study of a conflict-affected community’s transition of livelihood strategies from coca cultivation to butterfly farming. The fieldwork was carried out with peasant families in rural Otanche - a biodiversity-rich area that, besides...

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Achieving Sustainable Development in Rural Areas in Colombia: Future Scenarios for Biodiversity Conservation under Land Use Change

Achieving Sustainable Development in Rural Areas in Colombia: Future Scenarios for Biodiversity Conservation under Land Use Change

Source: Land Use Policy, 2016

Author(s): Valeria Borona, Esteban Payánb, Douglas MacMillana, and Joseph Tzanopoulos

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Land, Programming, Renewable Resources

Added: 03/11/2016

 

Agricultural expansion is a complex land use change phenomenon with deep environmental and socio-economic consequences, especially across tropical countries where most of this expansion is occurring. Here we use scenario and network analysis combined with sustainability assessment to understand the drivers of landscape change and their effects on sustainable development...

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Extracting Justice? Colombia’s Commitment to Mining and Energy as a Foundation for Peace

Extracting Justice? Colombia’s Commitment to Mining and Energy as a Foundation for Peace

Source: International Journal of Human Rights, 2016

Author(s): John-Andrew McNeish

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Economic Recovery , Extractive Resources

Added: 23/10/2016

 

In this article critical consideration is given to the idea that natural resource extraction can pay for peace and justice. The Colombia government claims that the mining and energy sector represents a driver for economic growth and a key source of the financing needed in a post-conflict period following the...

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Natural Resource Revenue Sharing

Natural Resource Revenue Sharing

Source: Natural Resource Governance Institute and UNDP, 2016

Countries: Bolivia, Nigeria, Philippines

Topics: Governance

Added: 02/10/2016

 

In nearly every country, subnational governments receive public funds through a combination of direct tax collection and transfers from the national government. In most, nonrenewable natural resource revenues are apportioned no differently than other revenues. However, in more than 30 countries—most of them resource-rich—distribution of nonrenewable natural resource revenues is...

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