South America

 

There are 243 items related to South America. Items are listed by date added.

 

In Defense of Water: Modern Mining, Grassroots Movements, and Corporate Strategies in Peru

In Defense of Water: Modern Mining, Grassroots Movements, and Corporate Strategies in Peru

Source: The Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology, 2016

Author(s): Fabiana Li

Countries: Peru

Topics: Extractive Resources, Renewable Resources

Added: 30/07/2016

 

This article explores why water is at the center of recent mining controversies in Peru. It explores a conflict between the Yanacocha Mining Company and the community of Combayo in the Northern Highlands. In protests in 2006, campesinos stated that their struggle was over the protection of water resources from mining expansion;...

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What Have We Learned about the Resource Curse?

What Have We Learned about the Resource Curse?

Source: Annual Review of Political Science, 2014

Author(s): Michael L. Ross

Countries: Brazil, Colombia, Indonesia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe

Topics: Conflict Causes, Conflict Prevention, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 14/07/2016

 

Since 2001, hundreds of academic studies have examined the “political resource curse,” meaning the claim that natural resource wealth tends to adversely affect a country's governance. There is now robust evidence that one type of mineral wealth, petroleum, has at least three harmful effects: It tends to make authoritarian regimes...

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Análisis, Prevención y Resolución de Conflictos por el Aqua en América Latin y el Caribe

Análisis, Prevención y Resolución de Conflictos por el Aqua en América Latin y el Caribe

Analysis, Prevention and Resolution of Water Conflicts in Latin America and the Caribbean

Source: United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean - Natural Resources and Infrastructure Division, 2015

Author(s): Liber Martin and Juan Bautisto Justo

Countries: Bolivia, Chile, Costa Rica, Honduras, Peru

Topics: Conflict Causes, Governance, Programming, Renewable Resources

Added: 14/07/2016

 

Conflicts over water in Latin America and the Caribbean have increased considerably in recent years, reaching high levels of complexity and impacts on economies, the political field, social stability, populations and the environment. This study seeks to provide a conceptual framework to analyze such conflicts. It reviews the deficiencies of...

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Building Peace through Principle: 10 Access Rights and the Prevention of Environmental Conflict

Building Peace through Principle: 10 Access Rights and the Prevention of Environmental Conflict

Source: Quaker United Nations Office, 2015

Author(s): Ellie Roberts and Alexandra Pluss Encarnacion

Countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Honduras, Mexico, Peru

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Governance

Added: 02/07/2016

 

In Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), as elsewhere in the world, factors such as resource degradation, competing claims on resources and different understandings of resource use pose challenges to effective environmental management. The development of a LAC regional framework for the application of Principle 10 of the Rio Declaration...

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Conflict and Cooperation in the Water-Security Nexus: A Global Comparative Analysis of River Basins under Climate Change

Conflict and Cooperation in the Water-Security Nexus: A Global Comparative Analysis of River Basins under Climate Change

Source: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water, 2016

Author(s): P. Michael Link, Jürgen Scheffran, and Tobias Ide

Countries: Armenia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala

Topics: Climate Change, Conflict Causes, Cooperation, Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Renewable Resources

Added: 22/06/2016

 

The review assesses the scientific literature on conflict and cooperation in transboundary river systems with a special focus on climate change. Afterwards, an analytical framework of the water-security nexus is developed that integrates the physical and socioeconomic pathways connecting water availability with conflict or cooperation. This framework is subsequently applied...

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Business and Conflict in Fragile States: The Case for Pragmatic Solutions

Business and Conflict in Fragile States: The Case for Pragmatic Solutions

Source: International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2016

Author(s): Brain Ganson and Achim Wennmann

Countries: Angola, El Salvador, Myanmar, South Africa

Topics: Economic Recovery , Extractive Resources, Land

Added: 17/06/2016

 

There are a number of contemporary international responses to business and conflict in fragile states. But are there alternatives to the dominant international approaches that could perhaps better address destructive conflicts related to large-scale business operations in fragile states? ThisAdelphi explores these alternatives, showing how even acute conflict can be manageable,...

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Should I Stay or Should I Go: The Role of Colombian Free Urban Housing Projects in IDP Return to the Countryside

Should I Stay or Should I Go: The Role of Colombian Free Urban Housing Projects in IDP Return to the Countryside

Source: Habitat International, 2016

Author(s): Marcin Sliva and Henrik Wiig

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Governance, Land, Livelihoods

Added: 24/05/2016

 

Over six million people have been displaced in Colombia's ongoing armed conflict, mainly from rural to urban areas. In 2012, the Colombian government launched a large-scale social housing program to alleviate the housing deficit caused by conflict and furthermore compensate the IDPs for their losses. The principles of this initiative...

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Corporate Social Responsibility and Natural Resource Conflict

Corporate Social Responsibility and Natural Resource Conflict

Source: Routledge, 2016

Author(s): Kylie McKenna

Countries: Afghanistan, Angola, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, CAR, Cyprus, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala

Topics: Conflict Causes, Conflict Prevention, Extractive Resources, Land, Weapons, Waste, and Pollution

Added: 11/05/2016

 

This book examines the possibilities and limitations of corporate social responsibility in minimising the violent conflict often associated with natural resource exploitation. Through detailed and penetrating empirical analysis, the author skilfully asks why previous corporate social responsibility practices have not always achieved their aims. This theme is explored though an...

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Divididos Ambientales de la Paz – Oportunidades para Constuir una Paz Sostenible

Divididos Ambientales de la Paz – Oportunidades para Constuir una Paz Sostenible

Divided Environmental Peace - Opportunities to Build a Sustainable Peace

Source: Departamento National de Planeción Colombia, 2016

Author(s): Simón Gaviria Muños

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Conflict Causes, Economic Recovery , Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 04/05/2016

 

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Nostalgia for War and the Paradox of Peace in the Colombian Emerald Trade

Nostalgia for War and the Paradox of Peace in the Colombian Emerald Trade

Source: The Extractive Industries and Society, 2016

Author(s): Brian Brazeal

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Extractive Resources, Livelihoods

Added: 29/04/2016

 

In 1991 the most prominent leaders of Colombia's emerald mining sector signed a peace agreement that brought a decades-long conflict to an end. Peace brought consolidation to the business. It gave mine owners the ability to control the supply of emeralds that would be let out onto the market. New...

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