Extractive Resources

 

There are 706 items related to Extractive Resources. Items are listed by date added.

 

Political Exclusion, Oil, and Ethnic Armed Conflict

Political Exclusion, Oil, and Ethnic Armed Conflict

Source: Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2016

Author(s): Victor Asal, Michael Findley, James A. Piazza, and James Igoe Walsh

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources

Added: 07/05/2017

 

Why do members of some ethnic groups rebel against the state? One approach holds that groups subject to exclusion from national politics engage in armed conflict. We theorize that the presence of resource wealth moderates the effect of political exclusion. Ethnic groups subject to exclusion whose settlement area includes oil...

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Golden Opportunity, or a New Twist on the Resource-Conflict Relationship: Links Between the Drug Trade and Illegal Gold Mining in Colombia

Golden Opportunity, or a New Twist on the Resource-Conflict Relationship: Links Between the Drug Trade and Illegal Gold Mining in Colombia

Source: World Development, 2016

Author(s): Angelika Rettberg and Juan Felipe Ortiz-Riomalo

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 07/05/2017

 

Resource wars face greater difficulties to end conflict, as well as greater probabilities of relapse. In part, this is due to the persistence of resource-fueled criminal networks developed under the auspices of armed conflict. In this paper we focus on the Colombian armed conflict, one of the longest-lasting conflicts in...

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Rethinking the Conflict "Resource Curse": How Oil Wealth Prevents Center-Seeking Civil Wars

Rethinking the Conflict "Resource Curse": How Oil Wealth Prevents Center-Seeking Civil Wars

Source: University of Rochester, 2016

Author(s): Jack Paine

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 07/05/2017

 

A broad literature on how oil wealth affects civil war onset argues that oil production engenders violent contests to capture a valuable prize from vulnerable governments. By contrast, research linking oil wealth to durable authoritarian regimes argues that oil-rich governments deter societal challenges by strategically allocating enormous revenues to enhance...

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Sudan's Deep State: How Insiders Violently Privatized Sudan's Wealth, and How to Respond

Sudan's Deep State: How Insiders Violently Privatized Sudan's Wealth, and How to Respond

Source: Enough Project, 2017

Countries: Sudan

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance, Livelihoods

Added: 01/05/2017

 

Sudan’s government is a violent kleptocracy, a system of misrule characterized by state capture and co-opted institutions, where a small ruling group maintains power indefinitely through various forms of corruption and violence. Throughout his reign, President Omar al-Bashir has overseen the entrenchment of systemic looting, widespread impunity, political repression, and...

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Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2016

Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2016

Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, 2017

Author(s): Nan Tian, Aude Fleurant, Pieter D. Wezeman, and Siemon T. Wezeman

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 01/05/2017

 

World military expenditure is estimated to have been $1686 billion in 2016, equivalent to 2.2 per cent of the global gross domestic product (GDP) or $227 per person. The 2016 estimate is a marginal increase of about 0.4 per cent in real terms on 2015.2 After 13 consecutive years of...

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Putin’s Energy Agenda: The Contradictions of Russia’s Resource Wealth

Putin’s Energy Agenda: The Contradictions of Russia’s Resource Wealth

Source: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2014

Author(s): Stefan Hedlund

Countries: Russia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources

Added: 26/04/2017

 

Ever since the collapse of the Soviet Union, energy has been at the forefront of relations between Russia and Ukraine. What is often known as “Russian” gas sold to customers in Europe has actually been gas from Central Asia, mainly Turkmenistan, that is transited via Russia and Ukraine. This transit...

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The Evolution of the Natural Resource Curse Thesis: A Critical Literature Survey

The Evolution of the Natural Resource Curse Thesis: A Critical Literature Survey

Source: Resources Policy, 2017

Author(s): Ramez Abubakr Badeeb, Hooi Hooi Lean, and Jeremy Clark

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 24/04/2017

 

This paper surveys the natural resource curse. We review the mechanisms through which resource wealth might slow economic growth, and the empirical studies that test for an effect overall, or on factors associated with growth. We include more recent studies suggesting the resource curse reflects only empirical misspecification. After reflecting...

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Oil and Diamonds as Causes of Civil War in Sub-Saharan Africa: Under What Conditions?

Oil and Diamonds as Causes of Civil War in Sub-Saharan Africa: Under What Conditions?

Source: Colombia Internacional, 2009

Author(s): Tim Wegenast and Matthias Basedau

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 20/04/2017

 

Recent research has increasingly questioned the link between natural resources and violent conflict while stressing the importance of resource-specific context conditions under which internal conflicts become more likely. This paper engages in a systematic analysis of six of these resource-specific conditions comparing 15 African oil and diamond producing countries. Employing...

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Mineral Supply for Sustainable Development Requires Resource Governance

Mineral Supply for Sustainable Development Requires Resource Governance

Source: Nature, 2017

Author(s): Saleem H. Ali, Damien Giurco, Nicholas Arndt, Edmund Nickless, Graham Brown, Alecos Demetriades, Ray Durrheim, Maria Amélia Enriquez, Judith Kinnaird, Anna Littleboy, Lawrence D. Meinert, Roland Oberhänsli, Janet Salem, Richard Schodde, et al

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 20/04/2017

 

Successful delivery of the United Nations sustainable development goals and implementation of the Paris Agreement requires technologies that utilize a wide range of minerals in vast quantities. Metal recycling and technological change will contribute to sustaining supply, but mining must continue and grow for the foreseeable future to ensure that such minerals remain...

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Oil, Relative Strength and Civil War Mediation

Oil, Relative Strength and Civil War Mediation

Source: Cooperation and Conflict, 2015

Author(s): Govinda Clayton

Topics: Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Extractive Resources, Livelihoods

Added: 12/04/2017

 

Civil conflicts within oil-rich states tend to last longer but are less likely to be mediated and end in a peace agreement. This implies that oil-funded conflict is less likely to end through a mediated settlement, despite offering a greater opportunity for peaceful resolution. This article builds on this puzzle,...

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