Middle East & North Africa

 

There are 339 items related to Middle East & North Africa. Items are listed by date added.

 

Breaking the Conflict Trap? Addressing the Resource Curse in Peace Processes

Breaking the Conflict Trap? Addressing the Resource Curse in Peace Processes

Source: Global Governance , 2011

Author(s): Achim Wennmann

Countries: Indonesia, South Sudan, Sudan

Topics: Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Extractive Resources, Peace Agreements

Added: 24/05/2017

 

Does addressing the natural resource dimension of armed conflicts in peace processes open opportunities for breaking the conflict trap? Based on evidence reviewed from Sudan (North-South), Indonesia (Aceh), and other cases, this article challenges the prevailing understanding of natural resources as an enabler of armed conflict and obstacle to peace....

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Resilience and Environmental Security: Towards Joint Application in Peacebuilding

Resilience and Environmental Security: Towards Joint Application in Peacebuilding

Source: Global Change, Peace and Security, 2017

Author(s): Janpeter Schilling, Sarah Louise Nash, Tobias Ide, Jürgen Scheffran, Rebecca Froese, and Pina von Prondzinski

Countries: Palestine

Topics: Programming

Added: 21/05/2017

 

Resilience is a widely used concept among development, environmental, security and peacebuilding organizations. However, resilience has rarely been applied in conjunction with the potentially complementary concept of environmental security. Therefore, this paper explores how the concepts of resilience and environmental security can be jointly applied by non-governmental organizations working to...

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The Rebirth of Water as a Weapon: IS in Syria and Iraq

The Rebirth of Water as a Weapon: IS in Syria and Iraq

Source: The International Spectator Italian Journal of International Affairs, 2016

Author(s): Tobias von Lossow

Countries: Iraq, Syria

Topics: Conflict Causes, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 17/05/2017

 

The so-called Islamic State (IS) has increasingly used water as a weapon in order to further its political and military aims in Syria and Iraq. In this water-scarce region, IS has retained water and cut off crucial supplies, flooded large areas as well as contaminated resources. The capture of large...

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UN Environment - European Commission: Sudan, Wadi Partners Food Security and Disaster Resilience [Video]

UN Environment - European Commission: Sudan, Wadi Partners Food Security and Disaster Resilience [Video]

Source: UNEP, 2015

Countries: Sudan

Topics: Climate Change, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 11/05/2017

 

North Darfur experience severe environmental degradation due to unsustainable farming, deforestation and overgrazing, diminishing the capacity of these drylands ecosystems to support local livelihoodsOur Eco-DRR Strategy in Sudan applies Integrated Water Resource Management for achieving both food security and disaster risk reduction. It seeks to strengthen governance mechanisms, by involving...

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Wadi Partners Food Security and Disaster Resilience through Sustainable Drylands Management in North Darfur, Sudan

Wadi Partners Food Security and Disaster Resilience through Sustainable Drylands Management in North Darfur, Sudan

Source: UNEP, 2016

Countries: Sudan

Topics: Climate Change, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 11/05/2017

 

In 2012-2015, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the European Commission (EC) supported a pilot demonstration project on Ecosystem-based Disaster Risk Reduction (Eco-DRR) in Sudan. The Eco-DRR project was implemented in partnership with the National Government, the State Government of North Darfur, Practical Action, and local communitybased organizations. Click...

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Eco-DRR project Fact Sheet Sudan

Eco-DRR project Fact Sheet Sudan

Source: UNEP and the European Commission, 2015

Countries: Sudan

Topics: Climate Change, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 11/05/2017

 

Only 30 years ago, during the rainy seasons in North Darfur, the wadis or seasonal rivers were once lush with vegetation. Forest reserves were part of the natural landscape, and the seasonal waters would give life to the drylands of Darfur. Today, the area is experiencing severe environmental degradation. Unsustainable...

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At the Root of Exodus: Food Security, Conflict and International Migration

At the Root of Exodus: Food Security, Conflict and International Migration

Source: World Food Programme, 2017

Countries: Syria

Topics: Conflict Prevention

Added: 11/05/2017

 

There has been a surge in international migration in recent years, reaching a total of 244 million individuals in 2015. Forced displacement has also reached a record high, with 65.3 million individuals displaced worldwide by the end of 2015 – including refugees, IDPs and asylum seekers. Yet while the absolute...

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Sudan's Deep State: How Insiders Violently Privatized Sudan's Wealth, and How to Respond

Sudan's Deep State: How Insiders Violently Privatized Sudan's Wealth, and How to Respond

Source: Enough Project, 2017

Countries: Sudan

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance, Livelihoods

Added: 01/05/2017

 

Sudan’s government is a violent kleptocracy, a system of misrule characterized by state capture and co-opted institutions, where a small ruling group maintains power indefinitely through various forms of corruption and violence. Throughout his reign, President Omar al-Bashir has overseen the entrenchment of systemic looting, widespread impunity, political repression, and...

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Depoliticizing Water Conflict: Functional Peacebuilding in the Red Sea–Dead Sea Water Conveyance Project

Depoliticizing Water Conflict: Functional Peacebuilding in the Red Sea–Dead Sea Water Conveyance Project

Source: Hydrological Sciences Journal, 2016

Author(s): Karin Aggestam and Anna Sundell

Countries: Israel, Jordan, Palestine

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Renewable Resources

Added: 26/04/2017

 

This article analyses the nexus of technocracy–peacebuilding and its implications on water conflicts and hydropolitics. It is a conceptual exploration which advances an interdisciplinary approach by combining theories from two distinct research fields: peacebuilding and transboundary water management. It probes the argument that synergies between water management, development and peacebuilding...

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Using a Novel Climate–Water Conflict Vulnerability Index to Capture Double Exposures in Lake Chad

Using a Novel Climate–Water Conflict Vulnerability Index to Capture Double Exposures in Lake Chad

Source: Regional Environmental Change, 2017

Author(s): Uche T. Okpara, Lindsay C. Stringer, and Andrew J. Dougill

Countries: Chad

Topics: Assessment, Climate Change, Conflict Causes, Livelihoods

Added: 24/04/2017

 

Climate variability is amongst an array of threats facing agricultural livelihoods, with its effects unevenly distributed. With resource conflict being increasingly recognised as one significant outcome of climate variability and change, understanding the underlying drivers that shape differential vulnerabilities in areas that are double-exposed to climate and conflict has great...

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