Middle East & North Africa

 

There are 330 items related to Middle East & North Africa. Items are listed by date added.

 

Climate Change and its Security Implications

Climate Change and its Security Implications

Source: Springer, 2016

Author(s): Tracey Skillington

Countries: Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia, Sudan

Topics: Climate Change, Conflict Causes, Renewable Resources

Added: 08/02/2017

 

A total of 1.2 billion people worldwide reside in states likely to experience some form of ‘climate-induced political instability’ in the decades ahead (International Alert 2007: 3, 2009: 8, 2015: 1). New patterns of extreme weather conditions such as intense heat waves, prolonged drought, or storm surges are not only...

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Impact of the Syrian Refugee Crisis on Land Use and Transboundary Freshwater Resources

Impact of the Syrian Refugee Crisis on Land Use and Transboundary Freshwater Resources

Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , 2016

Author(s): Marc François Müller, Jim Yoon, Steven M. Gorelick, Nicolas Avisse, Amaury Tilmant

Countries: Syria

Topics: Basic Services, Humanitarian Assistance, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 08/02/2017

 

Since 2013, hundreds of thousands of refugees have migrated southward to Jordan to escape the Syrian civil war that began in mid-2011. Evaluating impacts of conflict and migration on land use and transboundary water resources in an active war zone remains a challenge. However, spatial and statistical analyses of satellite...

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Regional Ecological Challenges for Peace in Africa, the Middle East, Latin America and Asia Pacific

Regional Ecological Challenges for Peace in Africa, the Middle East, Latin America and Asia Pacific

Source: Springer, 2016

Author(s): Úrsula Oswald Spring, Hans Günter Brauch, S. E. Serrano Oswald, and Juliet Bennett

Countries: Colombia, Israel, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Vietnam

Topics: Cooperation, Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Peace and Security Operations

Added: 01/02/2017

 

This book presents peer-reviewed texts from the International Peace Research Association’s Ecology and Peace Commission: M.I. Abazie-Humphrey (Nigeria) reviews “Nigeria’s Home-Grown DDR Programme”; C. Christian and H. Speight (USA) analyse “Water, Cooperation, and Peace in the Palestinian West Bank”; T. Galaviz (Mexico) discusses “The Peace Process Mediation Network between the...

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Community Based Conflict Reduction and Peacebuilding in Kebkabiya, North Darfur

Community Based Conflict Reduction and Peacebuilding in Kebkabiya, North Darfur

Source: Imperial College, 2015

Author(s): Helena Wright

Countries: Sudan

Topics: Climate Change, Conflict Prevention, Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Land, Renewable Resources

Added: 01/02/2017

 

Climate change is expected to lead to increasing competition for and conflict over natural resources, particularly water and land. The ability of communities to resolve these conflicts is therefore an adaptive capacity.  Kebakabiya in North Darfur is one of the region’s most important agricultural areas, traversed by one of the longest...

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The Curse of Oil in Iraqi Kurdistan

The Curse of Oil in Iraqi Kurdistan

Source: GlobalPost Investigations, 2017

Author(s): Erin Banco

Countries: Iraq

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 26/01/2017

 

A region once held up by the US as a beacon of hope in a broken Iraq, Kurdistan has instead — in oil’s name — fallen victim to corruption and war. Kirkuki is a slender man, wearing traditional Kurdish clothing. He is unassuming in his mannerisms yet he holds one of the highest positions on this...

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Water: Reason for Conflict or Catalyst for Peace? The Case of the Middle East

Water: Reason for Conflict or Catalyst for Peace? The Case of the Middle East

Source: L'Europe en Formation, 2012

Author(s): Christiane J. Fröhlich

Countries: Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Turkey

Topics: Conflict Causes, Cooperation, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 20/01/2017

 

The global freshwater resources amount to approximately 1,4 billion cubic metres. Only about 2.5 per cent of this water is sweet and drinkable ; moreover, the majority of these 2.5 per cent are difficult or impossible to reach. 69 per cent of the global sweet water resources are bound in glaciers...

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Identifying Synergies and Tradeoffs in the Sustainability Security Nexus: The Case of Israeli-Palestinian Wastewater Treatment Regime

Identifying Synergies and Tradeoffs in the Sustainability Security Nexus: The Case of Israeli-Palestinian Wastewater Treatment Regime

Source: Hydrological Sciences Journal, 2015

Author(s): Itay Fischhendler

Countries: Israel, Palestine

Topics: Basic Services, Cooperation, Renewable Resources

Added: 20/01/2017

 

The literature on environmental security often assumes complementarity between promoting sustainability and broader security goals. As sustainability and security are viewed to be positively correlated the possible tradeoffs between security objectives and aspects of sustainable development have largely been overlooked. This study examines under what conditions these tradeoffs are likely...

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Substitutability, Securisation, and Hydro-Hegemony: Ontological and Strategic Sequencing In Shared River Relations

Substitutability, Securisation, and Hydro-Hegemony: Ontological and Strategic Sequencing In Shared River Relations

Source: Conflict, Security & Development, 2015

Author(s): Gary Winslett

Countries: Syria, Turkey

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Cooperation, Governance, Renewable Resources

Added: 20/01/2017

 

When a river passes through multiple states, to what extent are those states able to co-operate over or come into conflict over that shared water source? To address this question, I build on previous literature that emphasised benefit sharing, securitisation narratives and basin-level hydro-hegemony to advance an ontologically and strategically...

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International Water Rights on the White Nile of the New State of South Sudan

International Water Rights on the White Nile of the New State of South Sudan

Source: Boston College International & Comparative Law Review, 2016

Author(s): Andreas K. Wendl

Countries: Egypt, South Sudan, Sudan

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Cooperation, Governance, Renewable Resources

Added: 18/01/2017

 

The birth of South Sudan falls directly in the demarcation zone of the rivalry between downstream and upstream riparian states on the waters of the Nile River. The downstream states—Egypt and Sudan—stress their “natural and historic” rights to the entire flow of the Nile based on the 1959 Nile Agreement...

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Environment is the 'Silent Casualty' of Armed Conflict

Environment is the 'Silent Casualty' of Armed Conflict

Source: UNEP, 2016

Author(s): Michael Logan and Jens Laerke

Countries: Iraq

Topics: Conflict Causes, Livelihoods

Added: 12/01/2017

 

Top UN officials call for action to protect environment in times of war.

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