Middle East & North Africa

 

There are 324 items related to Middle East & North Africa. Items are listed by date added.

 

Depoliticizing Water Conflict: Functional Peacebuilding in the Red Sea–Dead Sea Water Conveyance Project

Depoliticizing Water Conflict: Functional Peacebuilding in the Red Sea–Dead Sea Water Conveyance Project

Source: Hydrological Sciences Journal, 2016

Author(s): Karin Aggestam and Anna Sundell

Countries: Israel, Jordan, Palestine

Topics: Cooperation, Renewable Resources

Added: 23/10/2016

 

This article analyses the nexus of technocracy–peacebuilding and its implications on water conflicts and hydropolitics. It is a conceptual exploration which advances an interdisciplinary approach by combining theories from two distinct research fields: peacebuilding and transboundary water management. It probes the argument that synergies between water management, development and peacebuilding...

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Fluid Sovereignty: State–Nature Relations in the Hasbani Basin, Southern Lebanon

Fluid Sovereignty: State–Nature Relations in the Hasbani Basin, Southern Lebanon

Source: Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 2016

Author(s): Michael Mason and Mohamad Khawlie

Countries: Lebanon

Topics: Governance, Renewable Resources

Added: 20/10/2016

 

The concept of fluid sovereignty denotes configurations of state authority in which flows of living and nonliving things, within and across borders, render insecure claims of unconditional territorial control. Loss of monopoly control of the means of violence within a territory conventionally signals weak political sovereignty. Bordering Israel (including the...

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Targets of Opportunity: Analysis of the Use of Depleted Uranium by A-10s in the 2003 Iraq War

Targets of Opportunity: Analysis of the Use of Depleted Uranium by A-10s in the 2003 Iraq War

Source: International Coalition to Ban Uranium Weapons and PAX, 2016

Author(s): Wim Zwijnenburg and Doug Weir

Countries: Iraq

Topics: Governance, Weapons, Waste, and Pollution

Added: 10/10/2016

 

The US and UK have acknowledged firing 116,000kg of depleted uranium (DU) ammunition in the 2003 Iraq War. Just over 45% of this was fired by one platform, the US A-10 Thunderbolt II ground attack aircraft. The chance release of targeting data from 1,116 sorties flown by A-10s between March...

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Armed Opposition Groups and the Right to Exercise Control over Public Natural Resources: A Legal Analysis of the Cases of Libya and Syria

Armed Opposition Groups and the Right to Exercise Control over Public Natural Resources: A Legal Analysis of the Cases of Libya and Syria

Source: Netherlands International Law Review, 2015

Author(s): Daniëlla Dam-de Jong

Countries: Libya, Syria

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 02/10/2016

 

This article examines whether international law provides a legal basis for the exploitation of natural resources by armed opposition groups. This issue is particularly pertinent in light of the ongoing armed conflict in Syria—and the 2011 armed conflict in Libya, where third states are looking for ways to provide non-military...

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Cooperation over Water Resources as a Tool for Desecuritisation: The Israeli – Palestinian Environmental NGOs as Desecuritising Actor

Cooperation over Water Resources as a Tool for Desecuritisation: The Israeli – Palestinian Environmental NGOs as Desecuritising Actor

Source: European Journal of Economic and Political Studies, 2009

Author(s): Bezen Balamir Coskun

Countries: Israel, Palestine

Topics: Cooperation, Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Renewable Resources

Added: 29/09/2016

 

This article discusses the role of the Israeli and Palestinian environmental NGOs as desecuritising actors who have attempted to initiate a desecuritisation process. In this regard, the article first reviews the Copenhagen School’s securitisation theory with a particular focus on the concept of desecuritisation and desecuritising actor. Based on the...

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Agriculture as a Funding Source of ISIS:  A GIS and Remote Sensing Analysis

Agriculture as a Funding Source of ISIS: A GIS and Remote Sensing Analysis

Source: Food Policy, 2016

Author(s): Hadi H. Jaafar and Eckart Woertz

Countries: Iraq, Syria

Topics: Governance, Renewable Resources

Added: 24/09/2016

 

Agriculture is an important source of income for the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq (ISIS), which currently rules over large parts of the breadbaskets of the two countries. It has received limited attention compared to other sources of ISIS revenues such as oil, looting, ransom, foreign donations and various...

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Scorched Earth and Charred Lives: Human Health and Environmental Risks of Civilian-Operated Makeshift Oil Refineries in Syria

Scorched Earth and Charred Lives: Human Health and Environmental Risks of Civilian-Operated Makeshift Oil Refineries in Syria

Source: Wim Zwijnenburg, 2016

Author(s): PAX

Countries: Syria

Topics: Extractive Resources, Livelihoods, Weapons, Waste, and Pollution

Added: 18/09/2016

 

Many Syrian civilians have begun refining oil due to the drastic decline in production by professional oil refineries in Syria. The conditions in these makeshift refineries are causing enormous health and environmental pollution problems in the region. The PAX report Scorched Earth and Charred Lives shows a sharp increase in the number of...

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Risk, Resilience, and Pastoralist Mobility

Risk, Resilience, and Pastoralist Mobility

Source: Feinstein International Center, 2016

Author(s): Helen Young, Roy Behnke, Hussein Sulieman, Sarah Robinson, with Abdelhafiz Mohamed

Countries: Sudan

Topics: Governance, Land, Livelihoods

Added: 13/09/2016

 

As livestock becomes increasingly recognized for its significant contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and exports, this report investigates the practice of pastoralism in Sudan. The authors delineate migration patterns, rationales, and market strategies, and offer recommendations for policymakers and service providers interacting with communities that practice pastoralism.

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No Peace, No Sustainable Development: A Vicious Cycle that We Can Break

No Peace, No Sustainable Development: A Vicious Cycle that We Can Break

Source: UN Chronicle, 2015

Author(s): Khalid's Bouzar

Countries: Sudan, Syria, Yemen

Topics: Climate Change, Governance, Humanitarian Assistance

Added: 06/09/2016

 

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have an intrinsic relationship to peace and stability. Without peace, all other goals—from focusing on youth and women's needs, to addressing climate change and water, energy and food security—will be impossible to achieve. At the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), we have long been...

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Conflict, Pollution, and Climate Challenges for War-Torn Syria

Conflict, Pollution, and Climate Challenges for War-Torn Syria

Source: Heinrich Böll Stiftung, 2016

Author(s): Wim Zwijnenburg

Countries: Syria

Topics: Climate Change, Governance, Programming, Weapons, Waste, and Pollution

Added: 06/09/2016

 

The Middle Eastern and Northern African (MENA) region, faced with tumultuous changes in the last five years, shows a picture of shrinking spaces for civil society activism. In contrast, ecological activism is growing and connecting the fight for climate justice to other demands for community and indigenous rights, gender equality,...

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