All Library Items

 

There are 2574 items in the Library. Items are listed by date added.

 

Winter is Coming: The Long-Run Effects of Climate Change on Conflict, 1400-1900

Winter is Coming: The Long-Run Effects of Climate Change on Conflict, 1400-1900

Source: IZA Institute for Labor Economics, 2017

Author(s): Murat Iyigun, Nathan Nunn, and Nancy Qian

Topics: Climate Change, Conflict Causes

Added: 24/05/2017

 

This paper investigates the long-run effects of climate change on conflict by examining cooling from 1400-1900 CE, a period that includes most of the Little Ice Age. We construct a geo-referenced and digitized database of conflicts in Europe, North Africa, and the Near East from 1400-1900, which we merge with...

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Water Conflicts

Water Conflicts

Source: The International Encyclopedia of Geography, 2017

Author(s): Jacob D. Petersen-Perlman and Aaron T. Wolf

Topics: Conflict Causes, Cooperation, Renewable Resources

Added: 24/05/2017

 

The transboundary nature of water may lead to conflicts regarding its use. Yet, entities, both national and international, are more likely to cooperate over water than to engage in conflict. While the risk of water conflict may be exacerbated by several factors, institutional capacity, in the form of treaties or...

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Resource Wealth as Rent Leverage: Rethinking the Oil-Stability Nexus

Resource Wealth as Rent Leverage: Rethinking the Oil-Stability Nexus

Source: Conflict Management and Peace Science, 2015

Author(s): Benjamin Smith

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 24/05/2017

 

The study of the “resource curse” has become a major research agenda with multiple outcomes of interest—regime type, regime stability, civil conflict and economic growth to name a few. However, the proliferation of different measurement choices has hamstrung the quest for knowledge accumulation. In this essay I present a new...

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Oil Wealth, Post-Conflict Elections, and Postwar Peace Failure

Oil Wealth, Post-Conflict Elections, and Postwar Peace Failure

Source: Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2017

Author(s): Eric Keels

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 24/05/2017

 

New research has emerged that suggests there is a troubling relationship between elections and civil wars; primarily, elections increase the risk of civil war recurrence. I investigate this relationship further by examining the economic factors associated with the connection between postwar elections and peace failure. Specifically, how does the presence...

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Environmental Security and Its Implications for China's Foreign Relations

Environmental Security and Its Implications for China's Foreign Relations

Source: East West Center Working Paper , 2011

Author(s): Junko Mochizuki and Zhong Xiang Zhang

Countries: China

Topics: Climate Change, Conflict Prevention, Cooperation, Extractive Resources, Renewable Resources

Added: 24/05/2017

 

China’s emerging standing in the world demands a major rethinking of its diplomatic strategies. Given its population size, geographical scale, economic power and military presence, China is praised to play a larger political role in the twenty-first century, and is thus perceived by the international community to have greater capacities,...

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Environmental Security?

Environmental Security?

Source: Journal of Peace Research , 1996

Author(s): Nina Græger

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Cooperation, Governance, Peace and Security Operations

Added: 24/05/2017

 

The literature on 'environmental security' struggles with conceptual and methodological shortcomings, questioning the analytical value of the concept. Lodgaard and Westing claim that linking the environment to security - and thereby to 'high politics' - has created the political awareness and sense of urgency required to resolve environmental problems and...

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Breaking the Conflict Trap? Addressing the Resource Curse in Peace Processes

Breaking the Conflict Trap? Addressing the Resource Curse in Peace Processes

Source: Global Governance , 2011

Author(s): Achim Wennmann

Countries: Indonesia, South Sudan, Sudan

Topics: Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Extractive Resources, Peace Agreements

Added: 24/05/2017

 

Does addressing the natural resource dimension of armed conflicts in peace processes open opportunities for breaking the conflict trap? Based on evidence reviewed from Sudan (North-South), Indonesia (Aceh), and other cases, this article challenges the prevailing understanding of natural resources as an enabler of armed conflict and obstacle to peace....

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ASEAN's Environmental Challenges and Non-Traditional Security Cooperation: Towards a Regional Peacekeeping Force?

ASEAN's Environmental Challenges and Non-Traditional Security Cooperation: Towards a Regional Peacekeeping Force?

Source: Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, 2014

Author(s): Borchers, Henning 

Topics: Cooperation, Peace and Security Operations

Added: 24/05/2017

 

This article reflects on the prospect for an ASEAN peacekeeping force and regional security cooperation. I argue that progress on ‘soft’ security issues stands to facilitate a slow deepening of ‘hard’ security cooperation at the ASEAN level. Governments of ASEAN member states are still reluctant to develop a regional mechanism...

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Housing, Land and Property Factsheet (April 2017)-Afghanistan

Housing, Land and Property Factsheet (April 2017)-Afghanistan

Source: Housing, Land and Property Task Force, 2017

Author(s): Housing, Land and Property Task Force

Countries: Afghanistan

Topics: Conflict Causes, Governance, Land

Added: 24/05/2017

 

Forced displacement often leads to the loss of land, homes and other property with serious consequences for individuals and communities, who as a result are deprived of their main source of physical and economic security. Disputes involving housing, land and property (HLP) are both a fundamental cause of conflict as...

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A Resolution for a Peaceful Climate: Opportunities for the UN Security Council

A Resolution for a Peaceful Climate: Opportunities for the UN Security Council

Source: SIPRI, 2017

Author(s): Camilla Born

Topics: Climate Change, Conflict Causes, Conflict Prevention

Added: 24/05/2017

 

The risk of human suffering is increasing sharply across the world. Stark inequality, shifting demographics, resource scarcity and extreme weather are each providing fertile ground for conflict. But scientific evidence shows that the worst is still to come; the Earth is projected to warm to 2.2°C above pre-industrial levels by...

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