Developing, managing, and sharing knowledge on natural resources, conflict, and peacebuilding
Library / Waste Management and Problems of Groundwater Pollu...
Source: Habitat International, 2009
Author(s): Fabiana Calo and Mario Parise
Countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina
Topics: Basic Services, Renewable Resources, Weapons, Waste, and Pollution
The town of Mostar, in Bosnia Herzegovina, has been theatre of many tragic events during the wars in the Balkans, culminating with the destruction in November 1993 of the historical bridge over the Neretva River. Besides the problems related to destruction of the town, displacement of people, and the tensions among the different ethnic groups, Mostar has still to face many difficulties in the field of environmental management. It is located in southeastern Bosnia Herzegovina, not far from the boundary with Croatia, in a geological setting dominated by the presence of Mesozoic carbonate rocks. The area is intensely affected by karst processes, as shown by the many karst landforms, including poljes, blind valleys, dolines, and swallow holes. Limestones and dolomites are fractured and karstified, which makes the area extremely vulnerable to pollution, with particular regard to groundwater. This contribution examines the environmental hazard related to the mining area of Vihovic´i, some 500 m from downtown Mostar and 300 m from the Neretva River.