Developing, managing, and sharing knowledge on natural resources, conflict, and peacebuilding
Library / State of the World 2005 Global Security Brief #6: ...
Source: Worldwatch Institute, 2005
Author(s): Ken Conca, Alexander Carius, and Geoffrey Dabelko
Topics: Conflict Prevention, Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Peace Agreements
Environmental degradation triggers intense social conflict that is sometimes accompanied by violence. Pollution, natural resource depletion, and the rapid conversion of coastlines, wetlands, watersheds, and forests can have dramatically negative consequences for communities that depend on them for livelihoods and healthy environments. For example, the World Commission on Dams estimated that some 40-80 million people have been swept out of the way to make room for the world’s large dams. Environmental protection initiatives can also trigger conflict and controversy, particularly when local communities are not consulted about the terms of their access to natural systems targeted for conservation.