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Environmental Peacebuilding Update

Issue 77: 20 Dec 2016

Announcements


Online Publication: Governance, Natural Resources, and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding
20 December 2016 | ELI and UNEP
The chapters from Governance, Natural Resources, and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding (2016) are now available online free-of-charge.  Edited by Carl Bruch, Carroll Muffett, and Sandra S. Nichols, the book is the sixth volume in a six-volume series on Post-Conflict Peacebuilding and Natural Resource Management. Read More

The Water Cooperation and Diplomacy Joint Master’s Programme Seeks Applicants for the 2017 Academic Year
20 December 2016 | University for Peace (UPEACE), UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Oregon State University (OSU)
The Water Cooperation and Diplomacy Joint Master’s Programme is recruiting competitive applicants from around the world for enrollment in a two-year, three-degree international master’s programme. Students of the Programme have the opportunity to earn three master’s degrees by completing two years of focused scholarship at three premier academic institutions: as... Read More

The Center for Tropical Ecology and Conservation Announces the Annual Symposium and Call for Abstracts: New Approaches to Conservation Conflicts
20 December 2016 | Antioch University New England
Human-wildlife conflicts and conflicts between people about wildlife and conservation are serious obstacles to wildlife conservation programs worldwide. Conservation conflicts are increasing and need to be managed in order to minimize negative impacts on biodiversity, human well-being, and human livelihoods. Read More

Events


For more upcoming events on environmental peacebuilding, please visit our online calendar of events.


Myanmar Environment Expo

24 February 2017 – 26 February 2017 | MiTA Myanmar, Yangon, Myanmar

Myanmar Electricity Exhibition will be co-located with Myanmar Solar Expo and Myanmar Environment Expo in Yangon during 24-26 Feb 2017. Read More

Library


In the last two weeks, 13 new publications were added to our online library of materials on environmental peacebuilding. Here is a sampling of the new additions:


Has the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative Been a Success? Identifying and Evaluating EITI Goals
Siri Aas Rustad, Philippe Le Billon, and Päivi Lujala (Resources Policy, 2017)
Launched in 2003, the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) has become a global standard for transparency in extractive sectors. Yet, there remains much debate over the success of the EITI. In this article, we establish a conceptual categorization of goals for organizations like the EITI, systematically identify the various goals... Read More

Water, Peace, and Security for All: The Potential for Peacebuilding in Afghanistan’s Hydropolitics
Najib Fahim (Heinrich Böll Stiftung - Afghanistan, 2016)
In terms of having water resources, Afghanistan has a considerable advantage in comparison to its neighbors. However, war and other various factors have limited the country’s ability to make use of these resources. Water infrastructure—including dams, water storage tanks, irrigation and water supply networks, hydrometric stations and metrology systems, and... Read More

Imagining Industan
Zafar Adeel and Robert G. Wirsing (Springer Nature, 2017)
This volume calls upon over a dozen Indus observers to imagine a scenario for the Indus basin in which transboundary cooperation over water resources overcomes the insecurity arising from water dependence and scarcity. From diverse perspectives, its essays examine the potential benefits to be gained from revisiting the 1960 Indus... Read More

Examining Linkages: The Nexus between Food Insecurity and Political Instability (13th McGovern Lecture) [Audio]
Kimberly Flowers (UNFAO, 2016)
The George McGovern Lecture series was inaugurated by the USUN Rome Mission along with FAO in 2002 to honor the legacy of George McGovern, a former Ambassador to USUN Rome (1998-2001) who made important contributions to the fight against world hunger. Read More

Climate, Conflict, and Governance in Africa: Pinpointing Risks and Opportunities (Final Program Report: 2009-2016)
University of Texas at Austin, 2016
The Climate Change and African Political Stability Program is a multi-year research program based at the Robert S. Strauss Center for International Security and Law at the University of Texas at Austin, partnered with the College of William and Mary, Trinity College Dublin, and University of North Texas. Read More

From Conflict to Illict: Mapping the Diamond Trade from Central African Republic to Cameroon
Offah Obale (Partnership Africa Canada, 2016)
The Central African Republic (CAR) is the only source of traditionally defined conflict diamonds in the world today. Since May 2013, exports of its diamonds have been under international embargo by both the United Nations and the Kimberley Process (KP), the initiative that regulates the production and trade of rough diamonds. Read More

Water Security, Cooperation and Conflict
David Michel (Geneva Centre for Security Policy, 2016)
Growing populations and economies, unsustainable consumption practices and mounting environmental challenges are exerting increasing pressure on the world’s freshwater resources. Many observers fear that impending shortfalls between rising demand and shifting supplies could foster sharpened competition among nations or communities attempting to secure increasingly scarce water resources. Read More

Jobs


Please visit our jobs page to view these positions and other job opportunities.


Sudan: Programme Coordinator (Environmental/WASH) (Deadline: 2016-12-21)
19 December 2016 | International Organization for Migration
Under the direct supervision of the Chief of Mission, the successful candidate will ensure appropriate delivery, and sustained impact of all Water and Sanitation Hygiene (WASH) interventions, good participation of target communities and other local stakeholders in close collaboration with the project partners. Read More

Myanmar: Consultant - Identify Best Approaches for Water Supply and Storage for Agriculture For Small Farmers in Chauk and Yenanchaung Townships (Deadline: 2016-12-22)
19 December 2016 | World Vision
World Vision Myanmar is implementing a project titled “Improved Economic Livelihoods and Environmental Management Project in Myanmar” in 29 villages in Chauk and Yenanchaung Townships, Magway Division funded by the New Zealand Aid which aims to improve the economic status small farmers. Read More

Kenya: Food Security Specialist - Region Horn of Africa (Deadline: 2016-12-30)
19 December 2016 | Norwegian Refugee Council
NRC’s Horn of Africa operation comprises of large-scale multi-country humanitarian and early recovery interventions spread across nine countries (Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Yemen, Eritrea, Uganda, South Sudan and Tanzania). NRC’s overall strategy in the region is to ensure a greater number of vulnerable people in hard to reach areas get... Read More

Senior Consultants in Post-Disaster and Post-Conflict Recovery (Deadline: 2016-12-31)
19 December 2016 | Canadian Partnership for Reconstruction and Development Inc.
The Canadian Partnership for Reconstruction and Development (CPRD) is a humanitarian and international development consulting firm, providing services in the areas of post-conflict and post-disaster recovery. We work closely with local communities, non-profits, governments and donors and uphold principles of accountability, stake-holder participation and gender equity. Read More

International News


Afghanistan: Afghanistan Women Farmers Demonstrate Agriculture Can Recover after War
19 December 2016 | Sarina Locke, ABC News
An aid project in Afghanistan helps enterprising women to multiply grain seeds for cropping, share vegetable seeds and breed better goats. So far the work has affected 14,000 women, and helped establish new micro businesses, such as extracting essential oil of peppermint and rosewater to sell at the markets. Read More

India/Pakistan: No End in Sight in Water Row between India and Pakistan
18 December 2016 | Aamir Latif, Anadolu Agency
A simmering water dispute between India and Pakistan seems to be turning towards another boiling point as both sides continue to stick to their guns despite the World Bank’s call to resolve the issue bilaterally, experts say. Read More

Myanmar: When Selling is More Lucrative Than Protecting: Myanma Timber Enterprise and the Deforestation Crisis
16 December 2016 | Samuel Schlaefli, Myanmar Times
For years, Myanmar’s state-owned timber giant has been subject to accusations of corruption and shadowy closed-door dealings. Environmental advocacy groups have long blamed Myanma Timber Enterprise (MTE) for operating its industry monopoly without transparency. On November 15, their allegations appeared to gain newfound teeth, substantiated by a landmark overseas lawsuit... Read More

Lebanon: FAO Opens Lebanon Office to Boost Conflict-Hit Food Supplies
14 December 2016 | RJ Whitehead, Food Navigator Asia
The director-general of the Food and Agriculture office of the United Nations has blamed conflicts in the Middle East for a doubling of undernourished people in the region as he visited a new regional office in Lebanon. Read More

Myanmar: Karen People Call for a Peace Park Instead of Big Hydropower in Their Homeland
14 December 2016 | Demelza Stokes, Mongabay
The Salween Peace Park would set aside a 5,200 square kilometer (around 2,000 square miles) swathe of Myanmar’s southeastern Karen state as an indigenous Karen-led protected area — including the site slated for the large, export-oriented Hat Gyi dam. Read More

Afghanistan: Afghan Villagers Learn Sustainable Irrigation Practices through On-Farm Water Management Project
14 December 2016 | World Bank
With a $25 million grant from the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), OFWMP works to improve agricultural productivity in project areas by enhancing the efficiency of water use. It is implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation, and Livestock (MAIL). Read More

Colombia: FAO, World Bank to Support Land Reform in Colombia
13 December 2016 | Wangu Mwangi, International Institute for Sustainable Development
Following the signing of a peace agreement between the Government of Colombia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army (FARC-EP), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) has announced its support for a comprehensive rural reform strategy that includes strengthening food security and peace and addressing issues of... Read More

Iraq: Iraq to Abide by OPEC Cut, Expects Output Growth in Future
12 December 2016 | Rania El Gamal, Reuters
Iraq is committed to cutting its production to comply with a global pact to support prices, the country's oil minister said, adding he was nevertheless confident OPEC's No. 2 producer has the potential to boost its output in coming years. Read More

Iraq/Kurdistan: After the Islamic State, Iraq at Risk of a New Battle for Disputed Territory
10 December 2016 | Missy Ryan and Aaso Ameen Shwan, Associated press
Kurdish intentions to remain in disputed areas of northern Iraq, despite warnings from Baghdad, threaten to spark renewed ethnic conflict once the Islamic State can be defeated, bringing long-standing feuds over land, oil and political power back to the fore. Read More

Food Security: Civil Conflict and Unpredictable Weather Cast ‘Long Shadow’ on Food Security’ in 2016 – UN
8 December 2016 | UN
This year, the world suffered many weather-related shocks and civil conflicts which pressured food security for many countries, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, said today in a new report, which said that while the global agricultural situation is posited to improve in 2017, some 39 countries currently need... Read More

India/Pakistan: Kashmir, Climate Change, and Nuclear War
7 December 2016 | Zia Mian, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
The White House press secretary explained that the underlying concern about South Asia was “the risk that a conventional conflict between India and Pakistan could escalate to include the use of nuclear weapons.” It is a well-founded fear and one that has become more urgent as tensions between Pakistan and India... Read More

Blogs & Opinion


In the last two weeks, 5 blogs & opinion pieces on environmental peacebuilding were posted on our website. Here is a sampling:


Analysis: DRC Uncertainty Could Fuel Tighter Cobalt Regulations
14 December 2016 | Neil Thompson
The DRC is the world’s largest producer of cobalt, accounting for roughly 60% of global production, according to the United States Geological Survey (USGS). However, both international human rights groups and media organisations have in the past revealed that cobalt – which is mainly mined in the unstable eastern region... Read More

Planetary Security Conference Convenes Amidst “Unsettling New Normal”
14 December 2016 | Schuyler Null
Environmental security? Climate security? How about planetary security. Last week at the venerable Peace Palace in The Hague, nearly 300 experts from around the world met for the somewhat dramatically named Planetary Security Conference, a new initiative aimed at bringing together people working on all things related to the environment, climate change,... Read More

Food Insecurity: An Agent for Violent Conflict
11 December 2016 | Dominique Von Rohr
Up to two billion people live in countries affected by violence, conflict, and fragility. Often, such political instability goes hand in hand with food insecurity. “Conflicts have pushed over 56 million people either into crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity”, Kimberly Flowers, Director of the Global Food Security Project,... Read More

Weaponized Oil: Scorched Earth Warfare in Iraq
11 December 2016 | Jillian Sequeira
The military tactic of “scorched earth”–destroying land and resources while entering or retreating from a territory so that enemies cannot benefit from occupying the land–dates back to ancient history. But most of us associate it either with the Napoleonic wars or the World Wars, when both Russia and Germany destroyed... Read More

Compiled by Monica Emma, Natalia Jiménez Galindo, Pierre Gaunaurd, Liz Hessami, Nausheen Iqbal, Supriya Kanal, Sophie Labaste, Britt Sheinbaum, Sofia Yazykova, and Sahra Yusuf
Edited by Joel Young
Coordinated by Kathleen McLean and Jessye Waxman
Design by Graham Campbell
Managed and edited by Carl Bruch and David Jensen

Copyright ELI and UNEP 2017
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