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Environmental Peacebuilding Update

Issue 20: 14 Oct 2014

Announcements


New Publication: Environmental Peacebuilding Perspectives No. 1 featuring Michael Ross
13 October 2014 | ELI & UNEP
Environmental Peacebuilding Perspectives is a new series of briefs that contain commentary, analysis, and opinion from leading thinkers who are shaping the field of environmental peacebuilding. This first brief digests remarks delivered by Michael Ross at the inaugural Al-Moumin Distinguished Lecture on Environmental Peacebuilding. Read More

Events


Building Peace Over Water in the Lower Jordan Valley: A Sister Cities Coalition
17 October 2014 | Washington DC
Since its launch in 2001, EcoPeace / Friends of the Earth Middle East's Good Water Neighbors project (GWN) has brought together Palestinian, Israeli, and Jordanian youth, adults, and municipal representatives to cooperate over transboundary water resources and jointly advance sustainable development in the region - most notably in the Lower... Read More

International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict
6 November 2014
Many people around the world, including government officials, scientists, journalists, educators, and business people, observe the UN’s International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict. Those who take part in the day spend time discussing about how the effects of war are damaging to... Read More

Outward Bound Peacebuilding’s Practicum on Experiential Peacebuilding
2 January 2015 | Costa Rica
Join an extraordinary journey in the Costa Rican cloud forest that integrates conflict resolution and leadership training in a unique multicultural outdoor experience. Using proven experiential learning techniques, the Practicum on Experiential Peacebuilding (PEP) is an opportunity for working professionals and students to get out of the office/classroom and take their... Read More

New Library Resources


In the last two weeks, 84 new publications were added to our online library of materials on environmental peacebuilding. Here is a sampling of the new additions:


How to Build Resilience to Conflict: The Role of Food Security
Clemens Breisinger, Olivier Ecker, Jean-François Maystadt, Jean-François Trinh Tan, Perrihan Al-Riffai, Khalida Bouzar, Abdelkarim Sma, and Mohamed Abdelgadir (International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), 2014)
This Food Policy Report explains why there is a need to place even higher priority on food security–related policies and programs in conflict-prone countries, and offers insights for policymakers regarding how to do so. Read More

Investing in Collaboration to Manage Environmental Resource Conflict. Policy Brief.
Blake D. Ratner, Clementine Burnley, Samuel Mugisha, Elias Madzudzo, Il Oeur, Mam Kosal, Lukas Rüttinger, Loziwe Chilufya, and Paola Adriázola (Collaborating for Resilience, 2014)
Conflict over environmental resources endangers rural people’s livelihoods and can increase the risk of broader social conflict. Yet action to sustain shared resources
can also be a potent source of community building. Investing in capacities for conflict management can help launch innovations that build resilient rural livelihoods and strengthen institutions for... Read More

Engaging the Private Sector to Address Conflict in Natural Resource Management: Policy Brief.
Clementine Burnley, Irina Comardicea, Anne Dahmen, and Blake D. Ratner (Collaborating for Resilience, 2014)
International investments in agroindustry present a growing source of tension for local populations who rely on land, forests, water and fisheries for their livelihoods, particularly where local tenure security is put at risk. For governments, civil society organizations and the communities directly affected, engaging the private sector early is critical in order to... Read More

Collaborative Dialogue to Support Local Institutions in Natural Resource Co-Management
Clementine Burnley, Anne Dahmen, Irina Comardicea, and Blake D. Ratner (Collaborating for Resilience, 2014)
Co-management of natural resources entails sharing authority and responsibility among government agencies, industry associations and community-based institutions. Policymakers and development agencies have embraced the approach because of the potential to improve the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of management efforts focused on common-pool resources such as forests, pasturelands, wetlands and fisheries. Read More

Conflict-Sensitive Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa
Dennis Tänzler and Lukas Rüttinger (eds.) (Climate Diplomacy Series, 2014)
Climate change affects and will affect livelihood resources and options in Africa, especially among the poor, through changes in temperatures, rainfall, sea levels and ocean acidification. This book focuses on conflict-sensitivity in African climate change adaptation and brings together the voices of academics, practitioners and policymakers from across the globe... Read More

Modeling and Data Choices Sway Conclusions about Climate-Conflict Links
John O’Laughlin, Andrew Linke, and Drank Witmer (PNAS, February 11, 2014)
In an era of growing concern about the human impacts of climate change, the academic and policy communities are paying increasing attention to the possible link between weather anomalies and violent conflict. Early research papers on the topic by Burke et al and the reanalysis and extension of their work... Read More

Reconciling Disagreement over Climate-Conflict Results in Africa
Solomon M. Hsiang and Kyle C. Meng (PNAS, 2014)
A recent study by Burke et al. [Burke M, Miguel E, Satyanath S, Dykema J, Lobell D (2009) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106(49):20670–20674] reports statistical evidence that the likelihood of civil wars in African countries was elevated in hotter years. Read More

Can Natural Disasters Precipitate Peace?
Aleksandra Egorova and Cullen S. Hendrix (Robert S. Strauss Center for International Security and Law, 2014)
Though there is still debate over the specific contribution of climate change to violent conflict, the balance of evidence suggests climate change will likely be politically destabilizing across broad swaths of Africa and Asia, with natural disasters and climatic fluctuations linked to the outbreak of armed conflict. Read More

Jobs


South Sudan: Program Manager (Deadline: 2014-10-23)
14 October 2014 | United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR)
The Program Manager plays an important role in the United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR) South Sudan's field management structure. UMCOR’s program areas in South Sudanfocuses primarily in the field of Emergency Relief, transitional to development work, which include but not limited to the following sectors; water sanitation and hygiene (WASH), food security... Read More

Nigeria: Community Conservation Manager (Deadline: 2014-10-23)
14 October 2014 | CERCOPAN
The Centre for Education, Research and Conservation of Primates and Nature (CERCOPAN) is a UK-registered Charity (Reg. No. 1116955) with operations in Cross River State, Nigeria. Since 1995, CERCOPAN has worked to conserve Nigeria’s primates and rainforests. Read More

Afghanistan: Consultant - Jogi Study (Deadline: 2014-10-30)
14 October 2014 | People in Need
Very little is known about the Jogi community in Afghanistan. While not an ethnic group per se, they are considered to be part of the Jat ethnic group, and are generally characterised by their exclusion from the rest of Afghan society, their semi-nomadic lifestyle and their unusual sources of income;... Read More

Chad: PM Wash (Deadline: 2014-10-31)
22 September 2014 | Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development
ACTED est une association de solidarité internationale française qui a pour vocation de soutenir les populations vulnérables de par le monde et de les accompagner dans la construction d’un futur meilleur en apportant une réponse adaptée à des besoins précis depuis 1993. Read More

India: P3 - Project Officer, UNESCO/Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development (Deadline: 2014-11-03)
30 September 2014 | Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development
The Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development (MGIEP) is UNESCO’s first education-related category 1 institute towards the development and promotion of new approaches to education for a more peaceful and sustainable world. Read More

International News


Gaza: Cross-Border Environmental Group Urges Israel to Increase Water Supply to Gaza
11 October 2014 | The Jersusalem Post
As parties from the region prepare to gather in Cairo next week to discuss the reconstruction of Gaza, the environmental organization Friends of the Earth Middle East is calling upon the government to take interim measures “to alleviate the water and sanitation calamity” in the Strip.FoEME, an organization with directors... Read More

Liberia: Liberia’s Hydrocarbon Potential Sparking Interest in Current Bid Round, Despite Ebola Challenges, says GlobalData Analyst
11 October 2014 | Sierra Express Media
  Read More

Iraq/Kurdistan: Iraq Bans Entry of Three Tankers at Its Crude Oil Terminals
10 October 2014 | Platts
Iraq has banned three oil tankers -- two Suezmaxes and one Panamax -- from loading at its oil terminals in response to direct exports of crude by the Kurdistan Regional Government over the objections of Baghdad, shipping market sources said Friday."The United Carrier, the United Dynamic and the Nautilus will... Read More

China/Vietnam: China’s Airstrip in Paracel Islands Heightens Vietnam Tensions
10 October 2014 | John Boudreau, Bloomberg
China’s completion of an upgraded airstrip in the disputed Paracel Islands gives it another foothold in the South China Sea and risks sparking a renewed diplomatic rift with communist neighbor Vietnam. Read More

West Africa: Ebola Fears Could Impact Commodities
9 October 2014 | Michael Kozoil, The Land
RESTRICTIONS on the movement of labour and goods as the Ebola crisis in West Africa worsens could have an impact on commodity markets, economists warn. Read More

India/Pakistan/Kashmir: Indian Defense Chief Blames Pakistan for Kashmir Conflict
9 October 2014 | Hari Kumar, New York Times
NEW DELHI — The Indian defense minister blamed Pakistan on Thursday for an escalating conflict that has claimed about 20 lives on both sides of the Kashmiri boundary and left thousands of villagers homeless in recent days. Read More

Conflict Minerals: Tulane Releases Study on First-Year Conflict Minerals Filings
8 October 2014 | Stephen M. Quinlivan, JD Supra
The Payson Center for International Development of Tulane University Law School released a study analyzing the results of a June 2014 survey of issuers who filed the required Form SD.  The study investigates the market impact of Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of... Read More

Cambodia: Cambodia’s Ruling Elite May Face ICC Probe over Land Grab
7 October 2014 | Luke Hunt, The Diplomat
Lawyers have filed a criminal complaint against Cambodia’s “ruling elite” at the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague, alleging that crimes against humanity had been committed by authorities responsible for widespread land grabbing. Read More

Myanmar: ‘Burma Will Become a Responsible Timber-Trading Country’
5 October 2014 | Aye Nai, Democratic Voice of Burma
A workshop on exporting Burmese timber and other forest products to Western countries was held on 30 September at the Myanmar Timber Merchants Association office. The workshop was attended by timber merchant organisations from Britain, Denmark, USA, Australia and the Netherlands, as well as officials from Burma’s Forestry Department and... Read More

South Sudan: Malnutrition Rates Still High Despite Food Security Improvements
4 October 2014 | Sudan Tribune
Juba — Tens of thousands of children under the age of five remain at risk of malnutrition-related death in South Sudan, despite temporary improvements in the food security situation, a report from the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) group of experts revealed. Read More

Blogs


Forgotten Abyei: How to Bring Back the Struggle of Abyei’s People into Public Discourse
12 October 2014 | Philip Manyok, The Bor Globe Network
July 9, 2011, South Sudan independence was met with great jubilation across South Sudan including the people of Southern Kordofan, Blue Nile and of course the beloved people of Abyei. In all corners of South Sudan, there was a sense of redemption and fulfillment of a more then century’s dream... Read More

Afghanistan’s Mining Industry, Crucial for Economy, Holds Risks for Women
10 October 2014 | Emily Horin, United States Institute of Peace
As Afghanistan attempts to develop its economy by attracting investment to its mining sector, the already daunting conditions for women in rural areas could worsen without specific steps to address their needs. That’s the conclusion of a study funded by USIP that examined the potential ramifications for women in three... Read More

Is Food Aid Helpful or Harmful in Conflict-Affected Areas?
9 October 2014 | Moses Jackson, New Security Beat
A study published in the American Economic Review offers macro-level quantitative support for critics’ claims that food aid, which is often prone to theft or capture by armed groups, can undermine its own objectives by sparking or fueling violence – particularly in places with a history of recent conflict, like Somalia and Afghanistan. Read More

Liberia: Hailing the Passage of the Land Law
3 October 2014 | The Inquirer Editorial Board, allAfrica
Yesterday it was reported that President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf has signed into law the 'Act Against Criminal Conveyance of Land'. The Act was signed on August 26 and passed on July 22, and concurred with on September 3, 2014 by both the House of Representatives and the Liberian Senate. Read More

Kurdistan on the Brink
1 October 2014 | Samira Ghaderi, The Hill
As ISIS continues its savagery throughout Iraq, the government of Iraq (GoI) has recently transitioned its leadership with Prime Minister al-Abadi replacing al-Maliki.  Many hope that al-Abadi will create an inclusive national government that bridges Iraq’s diverse sects. Read More

Preventing Water Wars: How to Build Bridges over River Disputes
30 September 2014 | Ilmas Futehally, The Guardian
Fifty years ago, Lake Chad in Africa had a surface area of 25,000 square kilometres. Today, it has less than 2,000. The surface area of the Aral Sea in central Asia has dropped by half, from 66,000 to 33,000 square km, and the Dead Sea in the Middle East from almost... Read More

About Our Community of Practice

Environmental Peacebuilding is a knowledge platform and global community of practice on natural resources, conflict, and peace, hosted by the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, and the University of Tokyo. The platform unites a global network of researchers, practitioners, and decision makers in sharing experiences and lessons from managing natural resources in fragile states and conflict-affected settings. The platform also helps people to access new publications on the topic, conduct new research, and participate in events to support the growth of the field. As part of our Community of Practice, we bring you biweekly updates on recent developments, including news about our program as well as links to new publications, upcoming conferences and events, and job openings.

Please visit us at www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org for more information. Financial support for the platform has been provided by the Government of Finland, USAID, and the European Commission. 

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