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Environmental Peacebuilding Update

Issue 64: 21 Jun 2016

Announcements


Call for Abstracts for 2017 Warfare, Environment, Social Inequality, and Peace Studies (WESIPS) Biennial Conference
14 June 2016 | Center for Cross-Cultural Study
Over millennia, warfare, environmental degradation, and social inequality have brought much suffering to humankind. In an effort to facilitate interdisciplinary cross-fertilization, WESIPS brings together a cadre of internationally recognized scholars to address the underlying causes of warfare, environmental degradation, the advent of social complexity, and social inequality from a host... Read More

Events


For more upcoming events on environmental peacebuilding, please visit our online calendar of events.


4th Conflict Minerals Compliance and Supply Chain Transparency Conference

22 June 2016 – 23 June 2016 | Marcus Evans, Chicago, IL

Marcus Evans will host the 4th Conflict Minerals Compliance and Supply Chain Transparency Conference on June 22-23, 2016 in Chicago, IL. The 4th edition of this conference examines US, UK, EU, and APAC regulations and reform which make supply chain due diligence and corporate social responsibility a must. Read More

7th Annual International Law and Transboundary Freshwater Training Workshop

27 June 2016 – 30 June 2016 | Dundee Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science (under the auspices of UNESCO), Dundee, Scotland, UK

Through a series of lectures from experienced water law experts, case studies and group exercises the workshop provides participants with the opportunity to gain a deeper knowledge and understanding of key legal rules and principles that apply to transboundary waters, including the 1997 UN Watercourses Convention, the 1992 UNECE Water... Read More

The 4th Annual Caux Dialogue on Land and Security

29 June 2016 – 3 July 2016 | Initiatives for Land, Lives, and Peace, Caux, Switzerland

Initiatives for Land, Lives, and Peace (ILLP) is delighted to inform you of the upcoming Caux Dialogue on Land and Security (CDLS 2016), due to take place between 29th June and 3rd July at Caux, Switzerland.CDLS 2016 will focus on the interaction between land degradation and migration, and the opportunities that land restoration... Read More

EU Conflict Minerals: A Complete Guide to the New Legislation

30 June 2016 | European Union, Webinar

On Wednesday, June 15th, The European Union (EU) agreed to outline a deal to facilitate a focus on transparency in the supply chain. This legislation concerns the sourcing of conflict minerals, not just in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, but from high-risk regions, worldwide. Read More

IUCN World Conservation Congress: Planet at the Crossroads

1 September 2016 – 10 September 2016 | International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Hawai'i

Our planet is at a crossroads. The ecosystems that underpin our economies, well-being and survival are collapsing. Species are becoming extinct at unprecedented rates. Our climate is in crisis. And it’s all happening on our watch. Read More

Library


In the last two weeks, 46 new publications were added to our online library of materials on environmental peacebuilding. Here is a sampling of the new additions:


Water for Peace? Post-Conflict Water Resource Management in Kosovo
Florian Krampe (Cooperation and Conflict, 2016)
Water resource management (WRM) has increasingly come to be considered within the realm of peacebuilding. Through investigating the case of water resource management in Kosovo after 1999, this study argues that the international community has treated post-conflict water resource management as a primarily technical issue, to the neglect of its... Read More

Should the UN Security Council Take Up Climate Security Issues? Ken Conca on Institutional Change [Audio]
Sean Peoples (New Security Beat, 2016)
As the dust settles on the newly minted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Paris climate agreement, countries have begun tackling operational questions aimed at limiting global warming to two degrees Celsius and ensuring peaceful, sustainable development. Read More

Floods and Armed Conflict
Ramesh Ghimirea and Susana Ferreira (Environment and Development Economics, 2016)
This paper estimates the impact of large, catastrophic floods on internal armed conflict using global data on large floods between 1985 and 2009. The results suggest that while large floods did not ignite new conflict, they fueled existing armed conflicts. Read More

Water — Scarcity, Excess and the Geopolitics of Allocation
Lauder Institute, University of Pennsylvania, 2016
Much of the world has taken water for granted over the years, but that situation is quickly changing. Today, the use of this essential resource is being more closely scrutinized as shortages proliferate worldwide. Population growth, the rising middle class and urbanization increasingly are stressing existing resources. Read More

Improving Hydropower Outcomes through System-Scale Planning: An Example from Myanmar
The Nature Conservancy, World Wide Fund For Nature, and University Of Manchester, 2016
Myanmar’s rivers provide a reliable source of water for navigation and irrigation, and support food production and livelihoods. In fact, Myanmar’s freshwater fisheries produce more than 1.3 million tons of fish per year and employ approximately 1.5 million people. Read More

Business and Conflict in Fragile States: The Case for Pragmatic Solutions
Brain Ganson and Achim Wennmann (International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2016)
There are a number of contemporary international responses to business and conflict in fragile states. But are there alternatives to the dominant international approaches that could perhaps better address destructive conflicts related to large-scale business operations in fragile states? ThisAdelphi explores these alternatives, showing how even acute conflict can be manageable,... Read More

Military and Civilian Information Sharing and Best Practices - Improving the Environmental and Social Performance of Military and Civilian Actors Operating in the Same Area
Annica Waleij, Per Wikberg, Lukas Liljedahl, Zacharias Tjäder, Louise Simonsson, and Birgitta Liljedahl (FOI, 2016)
Sweden, like many NATO partnership for peace (PfP) and NATO nations, is determined to more closely link foreign policies concerning development, security and defence. The assumptions is that prospects of peace, security, democracy and development in the world, will consequently improve. Read More

Indigenous Women & the Women, Peace and Security Agenda
UN Women, 2016
Indigenous women have made remarkable contributions to women, peace and security agenda, and have pioneered innovative approaches to conflict prevention and justice. Indigenous women's experiences of intersectional discrimination, on the basis of their gender identity and minority status, also provide unique perspectives on conflict. Read More

Decision-Making and Joint Control Rights over Land in Rwanda
Sarah Mwendwa Mechta, Ilaria Buscagli, Denis Bikesha, and Jesse Routte (International Alert, 2016)
This report explores and analyses community perceptions of the obstacles facing women’s participation in decision-making about jointly held land. It also examines the factors that prevent women from participating in community-level decision-making structures, specifically those related to land. Read More

Merci Congo [Video]
Paul Freedman, 2016
The ongoing conflict in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo has been called the “Deadliest War Since World War Two”.  More than five million Congolese have died since 1994 while millions more have been displaced by the violence and chaos plaguing the region.   Read More

“Coffee Has Given Us Voice”: Coffee Cooperatives and Women Empowerment in Rwanda’s Rural Areas
Gisaro M. Ya-Bititi, Philippe Lebailly, and Déo Mbonyinkebe (University of Rwanda, University of Liege, and Independent University of Kigali, 2015)
In many developing countries in general and particularly in Rwanda’s rural areas, women are the poorest and most vulnerable group. This category of Rwanda’s population is basically involved in agricultural activities; they also are responsible for maintaining the welfare of the household. Read More

Jobs


Please visit our jobs page to view these positions and other job opportunities.


South Sudan: WASH and Nutrition Expert (Deadline: 2016-06-24)
1 June 2016 | Pact
Reporting to the Chief of Party, the WASH and Nutrition Expert will be responsible for technical leadership of the water, sanitation and hygiene and nutrition aspects of the program, ensuring the implementation of high-quality activities under the project and integration of these activities into other project components.  This expert will... Read More

Sierra Leone: Monitoring and Evaluation Expert (Deadline: 2016-06-27)
1 June 2016 | UNDP
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) recently approved the Project Identification Form (PIF) that was presented by UNDP on behalf of the Environment Protection Agency on “adapting to climate change induced coastal risks in Sierra Leone”. This project will be one of the key instruments for implementing the adaptation priorities identified... Read More

Somalia: Environment Expert (Deadline: 2016-07-01)
1 June 2016 | CTG Global
CTG support and manage humanitarian projects in fragile and conflict-affected countries around the world. With past performance in 15 countries – from the Middle East, Africa, Europe, Asia and Central and South America – we offer a holistic fabric of project management, implementation and support. Read More

Myanmar: Junior Expert in Natural Resources Management (Deadline: 2016-07-11)
15 June 2016 | Instituto Oikos
Istituto Oikos is a non-profit organisation that operates in Europe and developing countries to safeguard biodiversity. It promotes a responsible management of natural resources and the widespread adoption of more-sustainable lifestyles as tools for social and economic development and for fighting poverty. Read More

Colombia: Chief of Party (Deadline: 2016-09-01)
10 June 2016 | Chemonics
Chemonics seeks a chief of party for the anticipated Colombia Carbono Activity. This USAID-funded activity will support Colombia in the implementation of its agriculture, forestry, and other land uses (AFOLU) climate change mitigation goals, while strengthening community-based sustainable development initiatives in the context of a post peace agreement scenario. Read More

Afghanistan: International Environmental Safeguards Specialist (Deadline: 2016-09-03)
13 June 2016 | Adam Smith International
Adam Smith International is an award-winning international development consultancy that delivers projects supporting economic growth and government reform internationally. Our reputation as a global leader has been built on the positive results our projects have achieved in many of the world’s most challenging environments. Read More

International News


Myanmar: Burmese Jade Mining Film Scoops Awards at Rangoon Festival
20 June 2016 | San Yamin Aung, The Irrawaddy
A documentary about the deadly jade mining industry in Hpakant, Kachin State—where landslides have killed scores of small-scale miners over the last year—won two out of ten awards at the Human Rights Human Dignity International Film Festival held last week in Rangoon. Read More

Myanmar: Jade Miners’ Hopes of Fortune Often Become Tragedy of Addiction
20 June 2016 | Htet Khaung Linn, Myanmar Now
An estimated 300,000 migrant workers have come from across Myanmar to scavenge through mining waste in the hope of finding jade stone. Daily income levels are good in Hpakant, but living conditions are harsh and deadly landslides are common. Yet the biggest threat to the men’s health is drug addiction. Read More

Iraq/Kurdistan: Kurds Ready for New Oil Deal with Baghdad If They Get $1 Billion a Month
15 June 2016 | Maher Chmaytelli and Isabel Coles, Reuters
Iraq's Kurds said they are ready to strike an agreement with the central government in Baghdad on a deal to increase oil exports if it guarantees them monthly revenue of $1 billion, more than double what they make currently from selling oil. Read More

Conflcit Minerals: European Union Reaches Outline Deal to Stem Flow of Conflict Minerals
15 June 2016 | Barbara Lewis, Reuters
The European Union on Wednesday agreed an outline deal on a law to clean up the commodities supply chain, so importers will have to carry out checks to stem the use of gold and other metals from conflict zones, European politicians said. Read More

South Sudan: Fleeing Famine in Northern South Sudan
15 June 2016 | Henry Wilkins, Al Jazeera
Kanjak is situated in Northern Bahr el Ghazal, a region of South Sudan close to the border with its neighbour Sudan. It has recently entered "phase 4", an "emergency" on the Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) scale, used by governments and humanitarian organisations to measure the severity of food shortages. Read More

Ukraine: Vitally Important Resources in the ATO Zone Are Dangerous for Life and Health. Part 3: Soil
15 June 2016 | Environment People Law
EPL continues to follow the latest results of the monitoring of the environment in Eastern Ukraine. Unfortunately, such monitoring is now possible only in the liberated territory. According to Sanitary Epidemiological Service, inspections of soil were conducted by sanitary-chemical and bacteriological parameters. Read More

Colombia: The Evolution of Coffee Culture in Colombia’s Coffee Region
12 June 2016 | Erin Donaldson, Colombia Reports
While growing coffee has been a major part of the economy of Pereira and the surrounding coffee region, drinking one of Colombia’s most iconic export products is only just kicking in. For years we have all had these beautiful dreams of what a perfect cup of coffee should be. Read More

Climate Change: NATO Secretary General: “Climate Change is Also a Security Threat”
9 June 2016 | Shiloh Fetzek, The Center for Climate & Security
In advance of the NATO Summit Warsaw in July, the Secretary General of NATO Jens Stoltenberg sat down for an interview with POLITICO Europe. When asked what NATO is doing to address the risks of climate change, he responded by asserting that climate change is in fact a security risk,... Read More

Côte d’Ivoire: Ivory Coast Land Disputes Threaten New Violence as War Refugees Return
9 June 2016 | Joe Bavier, Reuters
A post-war economic recovery has made Ivory Coast the darling of investors in Africa. But as refugees from the war trickle back - around 16,000 have returned since December, leaving 22,000 still in Liberia - unresolved disputes over land could reignite violence. Read More

Nigeria: Nigeria Delta Avengers Say Oil Rich Region Could Break Away
9 June 2016 | TV360Nigeria
A Nigerian militant group, which has claimed a string of attacks on oil pipelines in the Niger Delta, said on Thursday the region might break away. The Niger Delta Avengers had vowed to cripple the Nigerian economy by bringing the oil production of the country to zero unless its demands... Read More

Myanmar: Hunting Endangered Animals in the Jungles of Myanmar
9 June 2016 | Katie Arnold, Al Jazeera
The Asiatic black bear, characterised by the white crescent that adorns its chest, is a globally threatened species that roams a vast territory stretching from Iran to Taiwan. Their population is in rapid decline. Over the past 30 years the number of Asiatic black bears has fallen by nearly 50 percent. Read More

Rwanda: "Feminine" Virtues Blamed for Unequal Land Rights in Rwanda, Research Shows
8 June 2016 | Anna Pujol-Mazzini, Thomson Reuters Foundation
Female "silence and submissiveness" continue to be valued feminine traits in Rwanda, stopping women from taking advantage of equal land and property laws, researchers said. Read More

Blogs & Opinion


In the last two weeks, 12 blogs & opinion pieces on environmental peacebuilding were posted on our website. Following is a sampling:


Peasants Mobilized in Colombia: The Strike is Finished, the Struggle Continues
16 June 2016 | Lyda Fernanda Forero and Danilo Urrea
On May 27th, the Cumbre Agraria, Campesina, Etnica y Popular called for a national Minga, a period of strikes and mobilizations across the country aiming to put pressure on the government, demand the fulfilment of agreements made since 2013, and bring change to the current development model. Read More

Why China is Arming its Fishing Fleet
16 June 2016 | Evan Rees
Over the past four decades, China has gradually abandoned its self-imposed isolation in favor of deep ties with global markets. Though the approach has pushed the Chinese economy to new heights, it has also made the country's supply lines more vulnerable, a reality to which the Chinese military has had... Read More

Natural Resources Can Pay for Burma's Needs
16 June 2016 | Andrew Bauer and Matthiew Salomon
This is an important year for Burma. With expectations so high, the new government is under enormous pressure to prove that it can transform the more than 20 trillion kyats (US$17 billion) budgeted into tangible benefits for the people of Burma. Read More

Land Grabbing Harms the Public
14 June 2016 | Eleven Myanmar
Myanmar is still reeling from the consequences of land grabbing issues. A total of 1,500 acres of land were seized under the Thein Sein administration for projects in the diplomatic zone. The government gave more than K140 millions in compensation for 1,470 acres of land seized between 2011 and March 2016. Read More

Parsing Myanmar’s First EITI Report
10 June 2016 | Paul Shortell
Myanmar’s recently released first EITI report, covering the 2013-14 fiscal year, includes previously undisclosed data on resource production, revenue flows, licences and company ownership. Read More

Global Witness' Mistake on the Afghanistan Mining and Gem Trade: There's No $1 Trillion There
8 June 2016 | Tim Worstall
There’s much to admire in the latest report from Global Witness into the mining of lapis lazuli and other semi-precious stones in Afghanistan. The level of detail provided is for example exemplary. However, there’s also a rather glaring mistake made about the larger economics of the matter. Read More

Can Securities Regulation Stymie Conflict in Africa?
8 June 2016 | Katie Cramer
The “conflict minerals provision” contained in Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act instructed the SEC to develop reporting requirements for companies producing goods containing tantalum, tin, tungsten, or gold. Use of these four identified conflict minerals spans a multitude of products, from jet engines to food packaging to... Read More

Nigeria: Using Non-Violence to Achieve Clean Up of Ogoniland
8 June 2016 | Cornelius Essen
The recent flag-off ceremony of cleanup of Ogoniland has reawakened the hope of the people of the community that their environment could be liveable again. To many Nigerians, plan to embark on the cleanup of Ogoniland is a global consensus, though processes and activities were local, regional and international in... Read More

About Our Community of Practice

Environmental Peacebuilding is a knowledge platform and global community of practice on natural resources, conflict, and peace, hosted by the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, and the University of Tokyo. The platform unites a global network of researchers, practitioners, and decision makers in sharing experiences and lessons from managing natural resources in fragile states and conflict-affected settings. The platform also helps people to access new publications on the topic, conduct new research, and participate in events to support the growth of the field. As part of our Community of Practice, we bring you biweekly updates on recent developments, including news about our program as well as links to new publications, upcoming conferences and events, and job openings.

Please visit us at www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org for more information. Financial support for the platform has been provided by the Government of Finland, USAID, and the European Commission. 

Sharing and Posting Materials

The strength of the knowledge platform depends on submissions and suggestions on contents from users. To share publications and information on events, job opportunities, and other announcements, please contact share@environmentalpeacebuilding.org. Please also feel free to share ideas on how the platform can be further improved to meet your needs.

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