Conflicts over access to, and control of, resources have been a constant in human history. Rational policies to manage increasingly scarce resources often result in seemingly irrational reactions, many of which are rooted in specific cultural values and misunderstandings as much as varying stakeholder aims and objectives. This course combines conflict and conflict resolution theory with Asia Pacific region and resource specific case studies as they evolve over time to provide a broad-based toolkit for analysing the causes of resource conflicts and seeking feasible and enduring solutions. For the purposes of this course, the Asia Pacific region is designated to stretch west to east from Afghanistan to Easter Island/Rapanui, and north to south from the Pacific coast of Russia to Antarctica. Emphasis is placed on the fluidity of circumstances and changing mindsets over time. The course examines three sets of environmental issues: minority rights within states that usually involve extractive industries and underlying tensions between diverse ethnic and cultural groups; inter-state conflicts over resources that span multiple sovereign jurisdictions, or are in international waters beyond state jurisdiction: and, common issues over pending resource scarcity due to population pressure or the effects of climate change.