South America

 

There are 286 items related to South America. Items are listed by date added.

 

Do Natural Resources Influence Who Comes to Power, and How?

Do Natural Resources Influence Who Comes to Power, and How?

Source: The Journal of Politics, 2017

Author(s): Maria Carreri and Oeindrila Dube

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 21/01/2018

 

Do natural resources impair institutional outcomes? Existing work studies how natural resources influence the behavior of leaders in power. We study how they influence leaders’ rise to power. Our analysis focuses on oil price shocks and local democracy in Colombia, a country mired in civil conflict. We find that when...

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Conservation by Racialized Dispossession: The Making of an Eco-destination on Honduras’s North Coast

Conservation by Racialized Dispossession: The Making of an Eco-destination on Honduras’s North Coast

Source: Geoforum, 2016

Author(s): Christopher Anthony Loperena

Countries: Honduras

Topics: Conflict Causes, Land

Added: 20/12/2017

 

Within the context of neoliberal conservation and ecotourism development, the Honduran state has prioritized the desires of foreign tourists and private investors over the needs of indigenous and black coastal inhabitants, and increasingly this is leading to state-sanctioned violence against marginalized groups. I use Peluso’s analytic of coercive conservation (1993)...

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Violence and Conservation: Beyond Unintended Consequences and Unfortunate Coincidences

Violence and Conservation: Beyond Unintended Consequences and Unfortunate Coincidences

Source: Geoforum, 2016

Author(s): Diana Bocarejo and Diana Ojeda

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Conflict Causes, Land

Added: 20/12/2017

 

While the relationship between violence and conservation has gained increasing attention in both aca-demic and activist circles, official and public discourses often portray their entanglements as (unlucky)overlapping phenomena. In this article, we show how, under specific practices of state territorialization,conservation becomes both the means and reasons for violence. Based on...

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Colombia Viva: Un País Megadiverso de Cara al Futuro [Living Colombia: A Megadiverse Country Looking to the Future]

Colombia Viva: Un País Megadiverso de Cara al Futuro [Living Colombia: A Megadiverse Country Looking to the Future]

Source: WWF Colombia, 2017

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Land, Programming, Renewable Resources

Added: 20/12/2017

 

La evaluación periódica del estado de la biodiversidad y los servicios ecosistémicos es una herramienta fundamental para que quienes toman decisiones políticas y económicas, lo hagan sobre una base de información científicamente sólida, que garantice la protección y el manejo respetuoso del patrimonio natural. Para ello, es importante desarrollar instrumentos...

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Understanding the Connections Between Climate Change and Conflict: Contributions From Geography and Political Ecology

Understanding the Connections Between Climate Change and Conflict: Contributions From Geography and Political Ecology

Source: Current Climate Change Reports, 2017

Author(s): Daniel Abrahams and Edward R. Carr

Countries: Bolivia, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Guatemala

Topics: Climate Change, Conflict Causes, Conflict Prevention, Cooperation, Programming

Added: 18/12/2017

 

The connections between climate change and conflict inherently raise questions related to space, scale, and nature-society relations, all themes central to modern geographic thought. The geographic and political ecological literature — and the literature informed by geography and political ecology — generally explores the relationship between climate change and conflict...

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“Blind Passes” and the Production of Green Security through Violence on the Guatemalan Border

“Blind Passes” and the Production of Green Security through Violence on the Guatemalan Border

Source: Geoforum, 2016

Author(s): Megan Ybarra

Countries: Guatemala

Topics: Conflict Causes, Land

Added: 18/12/2017

 

Guatemalan protected areas have been sites for genocidal massacres, drug trafficking landing strips, and remilitarized “states of emergency,” but these activities are rarely considered in relation to conservation practices. This paper employs a political ecology approach to analyze interpellations of transboundary spaces as security threats, arguing that threat narratives produce...

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The Impact of Mines and Explosive Remnants of War on Gender Groups

The Impact of Mines and Explosive Remnants of War on Gender Groups

Source: UK Department for International Development, 2017

Author(s): Edward Laws

Countries: Cambodia, Colombia, Sudan

Topics: Gender, Weapons, Waste, and Pollution

Added: 30/11/2017

 

There is an increasing recognition in the international community that different gender groups are affected differently by the threat posed by the presence of mines/ERWs in their communities. Women, girls, boys and men often have distinct gendered roles and responsibilities within a community. Consequently, their exposure to and knowledge of...

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A Casualty of Peace? Lessons on De-Militarizing Conservation in the Cordillera Del Condor Corridor (Chapter in "Collateral Values of Natural Capital")

A Casualty of Peace? Lessons on De-Militarizing Conservation in the Cordillera Del Condor Corridor (Chapter in "Collateral Values of Natural Capital")

Source: Social Science Research Network, 2017

Author(s): Saleem Hassan Ali

Countries: Ecuador, Peru

Topics: Cooperation, Extractive Resources, Peace Agreements

Added: 30/11/2017

 

The resolution in 1998 of the armed conflict between Peru and Ecuador through environmental peace-building negotiations creating a transboundary conservation area have been heralded as an exemplar of how ecological factors can foster collaboration between adversaries. This was also a rare case of US mediation resolving a territorial conflict alongside...

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Monitoring Ecological Change during Rapid Socio-Economic and Political Transitions: Colombian Ecosystems in the Post-Conflict Era

Monitoring Ecological Change during Rapid Socio-Economic and Political Transitions: Colombian Ecosystems in the Post-Conflict Era

Source: Science Direct, 2017

Author(s): Carlos A. Sierra, Miguel Mahecha, Germán Poveda, Esteban Álvarez-Dávila, Víctor H. Gutierrez-Velez, Björn Reuf, Hannes Feilhauerg, Jesús Anáyah, Dolors Armenterasi, Ana M. Benavides, Corina Buendia, Álvaro Duquec, Lina M. Estupiñan-Suarez, and Catalina Go

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Governance, Land, Programming, Renewable Resources

Added: 29/11/2017

 

After more than 50-years of armed conflict, Colombia is now transitioning to a more stable social and political climate due to a series of peace agreements between the government and different armed groups. Consequences of these socio-economic and political changes on ecosystems are largely uncertain, but there is growing concern...

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Applying the Security-Development Nexus on the Ground: Land Restitution in Colombia

Applying the Security-Development Nexus on the Ground: Land Restitution in Colombia

Source: Conflict, Security, & Development Journal, 2016

Author(s): Manuela Nilsson and Laura K. Taylor

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Governance, Land, Peace and Security Operations

Added: 22/11/2017

 

The general consensus on the security-development nexus is that both are key to achieving sustainable peace in war-torn societies. However, this debate has largely taken place among international actors, with little empirical evidence about how security and development relate to each other or are even considered by local actors. The...

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