South America

 

There are 273 items related to South America. Items are listed by date added.

 

Geographies  of Conflict: Mapping Overlaps between Extractive Industries and Agricultural Lands in Ghana and  Peru

Geographies of Conflict: Mapping Overlaps between Extractive Industries and Agricultural Lands in Ghana and Peru

Source: Oxfam, 2014

Countries: Peru

Topics: Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Extractive Resources, Land, Renewable Resources

Added: 24/04/2014

 

Ghana and Peru have experienced dramatic growth in their mining and hydrocarbons sectors in recent years, and both countries have also experienced conflict between local communities and extractive operations. These conflicts are often rooted in small-scale farmers' concerns about pollution of both land and water.  Addressing the causes of these...

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Extractive Industries, Revenue Allocation and Local Politics

Extractive Industries, Revenue Allocation and Local Politics

Source: Javier Arellano-Yanguas and Andrés Mejía-Acosta, 2014

Countries: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 09/04/2014

 

The success of a developmental strategy based on the extraction of non-renewable resources is largely dependent on the share of revenues captured by the state from the extractive sector and the modalities that governments adopt to use and distribute those revenues. In the last two decades, local populations and subnational...

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Life Can Change: Securing Housing, Land and Property Rights for Displaced Women

Life Can Change: Securing Housing, Land and Property Rights for Displaced Women

Source: Norwegian Refugee Council, 2014

Countries: Afghanistan, Colombia, Ecuador, Lebanon, Liberia, Palestine, South Sudan

Topics: Gender, Governance, Land, Livelihoods

Added: 03/04/2014

 

In 2011, NRC embarked on a five-year initiative aiming to increase displaced women’s access to housing, land and property (HLP) rights through international and national advocacy. The project aims to provide well-researched legal, policy and practice recommendations for the humanitarian community, including practitioners, donors, governments and civil society.   The project’s evidence base is drawn from NRC’s...

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Renewable Natural Resources: Practical Lessons for Conflict-Sensitive Development

Renewable Natural Resources: Practical Lessons for Conflict-Sensitive Development

Source: Sandra Ruckstuhl (World Bank), 2009

Countries: Afghanistan, Ecuador, India, Nigeria

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Renewable Resources

Added: 13/03/2014

 

This  paper  explores  how  a  “conflict  and  violence‐sensitive”  framework  in project  assessment,  design  and implementation  facilitates  early  identification and mitigation of negative consequences of competition and dispute, and promotes sustainable development over the longer term. It discusses the role of renewable resources in perpetuating conflict and violence, and distills lessons from selected development programming experiences in managing conflict  risks  associated  with  these  dynamics. The study emphasizes that building capacity to productively address conflict and to improve community resilience to ecological change decreases vulnerability to violence, and improves livelihoods,particularly for the world’s poorest communities.  The study draws on a range of development experience and specifically examines six case studies: three from the World Bank portfolio and three external to the Bank. Of the World Bank projects, the paper considers Andhra Pradesh Community Forest Management Project (India), Land Conflict and Vulnerability Pilot Project (Afghanistan), and Second Fadama Development Project (Nigeria). The paper also studies three external cases: Conservation of Managed Indigenous Areas (Ecuador) and Building the Capacity of ICCN to Resolve and Manage Environmental Conflicts in Virunga National Park (DRC), both financed by USAID; and the Community Development Component of GTZ’s Palestinian Water Program (West Bank). The concluding chapter outlines good practice and lessons learned from experience, emphasizing principals for building institutional and organizational capacity that  support  constructive  conflict management.

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Climate Change and Conflict in Africa and Latin America: Findings and Preliminary Lessons from Uganda, Ethiopia, and Peru

Climate Change and Conflict in Africa and Latin America: Findings and Preliminary Lessons from Uganda, Ethiopia, and Peru

Source: USAID, African and Latin American Resilience to Climate Change Project, 2013

Countries: Peru, Uganda

Topics: Climate Change, Conflict Prevention, Land, Peace and Security Operations, Programming, Renewable Resources

Added: 26/02/2014

 

Three preliminary country case studies were conducted with two main purposes: 1) to help fill the gap in knowledge regarding how climate-related vulnerabilities interact with the dynamics of fragility, instability, and conflict in specific selected locations around the world; and 2) to identify target areas and opportunities for USAID to...

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Oil Sparks in the Amazon: Local Conflicts, Indigenous Populations, and Natural Resources

Oil Sparks in the Amazon: Local Conflicts, Indigenous Populations, and Natural Resources

Source: Patricia I. Vásquez, University of Georgia Press, 2014

Countries: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

Topics: Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Extractive Resources, Renewable Resources, Weapons, Waste, and Pollution

Added: 24/02/2014

 

For decades, studies of oil-related conflicts have focused on the effects of natural resource mismanagement, resulting in great economic booms and busts or violence as rebels fight ruling governments over their regions’ hydrocarbon resources. In Oil Sparks in the Amazon, Patricia I. Vásquez writes that while oil busts and civil...

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Mitigating Human Rights Impacts

Mitigating Human Rights Impacts

Source: Ethical Corporation, 2014

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 24/02/2014

 

A briefing outlining principled corporate management and digging deep to rebuild trust as mechanisms for mitigating human rights impacts and provides guidelines for creating human rights policies.

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Conflicts Over Natural Resources in the Global South

Conflicts Over Natural Resources in the Global South

Source: Maarten Bavinck, Lorenzo Pellegrini & Erik Mostert, Eds. Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, 2014

Countries: Asia, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Latin America, Palestine

Topics: Cooperation, Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Economic Recovery , Extractive Resources, Livelihoods, Programming, Renewable Resources

Added: 14/02/2014

 

Conflicts over Natural Resources in the Global South: Conceptual Approaches is a joint publication of the CoCooN research programme. It presents the conceptual approaches of all the interdisciplinary CoCooN projects, ranging from green criminology and political ecology to institutional analysis, legal pluralism and identity politics. The contributors to this volume leave...

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Greening in the Red Zone

Greening in the Red Zone

Source: Keith G. Tidball and Marianne E. Krasny , 2014

Countries: Afghanistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus, Germany , Guatemala, Kenya, Korea, Liberia, Netherlands

Topics: Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 11/02/2014

 

‘Greening in the red zone’ refers to post-catastrophe, community-based stewardship of nature, and how these often spontaneous, local stewardship actions serve as a source of social-ecological resilience in the face of severe hardship. In this introductory chapter, we provide the reader with the fundamentals needed to understand our argument for...

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Guidance Note: Community Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Guidance Note: Community Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Source: UNDP, 2013

Countries: Bangladesh, Honduras, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Somalia, Sri Lanka

Topics: Basic Services, Humanitarian Assistance, Programming

Added: 17/01/2014

 

Focussing on urgent post-crisis assistance, this guidance note provides practical advice to UNDP Country Offices on how to plan, design and implement a short-term project that swiftly links governments and communities in the assessment, repair and reconstruction of essential community infrastructure such as local roads, bridges, irrigation canals, schools, health...

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