Extractive Resources

 

There are 765 items related to Extractive Resources. Items are listed by date added.

 

Resources and Governance in Sierra Leone’s Civil War

Resources and Governance in Sierra Leone’s Civil War

Source: The Journal of Development Studies, 2016

Author(s): Maarten Voors, Peter Van Der Windt, Kostadis J. Papaioannou, and Erwin Bulte

Countries: Sierra Leone

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 08/09/2017

 

We empirically investigate the role of natural resources, and governance in explaining variation in the intensity of conflict during the 1991–2002 civil war in Sierra Leone. As a proxy for governance quality we exploit exogenous variation in political competition at the level of the chieftaincy. As a proxy for resources...

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Resource Conflict Resolution in China

Resource Conflict Resolution in China

Source: The China Quarterly, 2017

Author(s): Jing Vivian Zhan and Zeng Ming

Countries: China

Topics: Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Extractive Resources

Added: 08/09/2017

 

Mineral resource extraction has frequently caused social tensions in China. This research examines the reactive and pre-emptive strategies used by the Chinese state to cope with resource conflicts. Based on extensive fieldwork in multiple mining areas, we find that the Chinese local state actively mediates between the mining sector and...

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Do Institutions Mitigate the Risk of  Natural Resource Conflicts

Do Institutions Mitigate the Risk of Natural Resource Conflicts

Source: Contemporary Economic Policy, 2016

Author(s): Colin O'Reilly and Ryan H Murphy

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 08/09/2017

 

The resource curse, as manifested by an increased likelihood of conflict over rents, can be mitigated by institutions. Lei and Michaels find that discoveries of “giant” oil fields increase the likelihood of violent conflict, but they find no evidence that democratic institutions mitigate this risk. We test whether institutions mitigate...

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Resilience at the Periphery: Insurgency, Agency and Social-Ecological Change under Armed Conflict

Resilience at the Periphery: Insurgency, Agency and Social-Ecological Change under Armed Conflict

Source: Geoforum, 2017

Author(s): Micah L. Ingalls and David Mansfield

Countries: Afghanistan

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance, Renewable Resources

Added: 07/09/2017

 

Armed conflict has played an increasingly important role in the transformation of key social and environmental systems at multiple spatial and temporal scales. Accelerated resource flows and environmental change dynamics intersect with conflict processes in ways that are substantial and yet inadequately understood. Drawing on research along the Pakistani border...

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Conflict Minerals: Information on Artisanal Mined Gold and Efforts to Encourage Responsible Sourcing in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Conflict Minerals: Information on Artisanal Mined Gold and Efforts to Encourage Responsible Sourcing in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Source: United States Government Accountability Office, 2017

Author(s): United States Government Accountability Office

Countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance, Livelihoods

Added: 07/09/2017

 

The supply chain for artisanal and small-scale mined (ASM) gold—a significant driver of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) economy—involves multiple actors, according to reports GAO reviewed and stakeholders interviewed (see figure). Officially, these actors are required to obtain DRC government authorization and pay provincial or national taxes to...

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The Gendered Construction of Reparations: An Exploration of Women's Exclusion from the Niger Delta Reintegration Processes

The Gendered Construction of Reparations: An Exploration of Women's Exclusion from the Niger Delta Reintegration Processes

Source: Palgrave Communications, 2016

Author(s): Olakunle Michael Folami

Countries: Nigeria

Topics: Extractive Resources, Gender, Peace Agreements, Peace and Security Operations

Added: 07/09/2017

 

The Niger Delta is located in the South-south region of Nigeria. Oil exploration and exploitation by the multinational oil companies led to environmental degradation. The agitations among the inhabitants for environmental protection led to a protracted conflict between the Nigerian security forces and the militant groups in the region. Amnesty,...

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Reconciling Islamic Ethics, Fossil Fuel Dependence, and Climate Change in the Middle East

Reconciling Islamic Ethics, Fossil Fuel Dependence, and Climate Change in the Middle East

Source: Review of Middle East Studies, 2017

Author(s): Saleem H. Ali

Topics: Climate Change, Cooperation, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 07/09/2017

 

The dominance of fossil fuel economies in the Middle East with large Muslim majority populations has led to a recurring question about the role Islamic ethics might play in galvanizing action on climate change. However, the perceived clash of economic values versus environmental norms in Islam deserves more careful examination....

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A Game of Stones: Smuggling Diamonds in the Central African Republic

A Game of Stones: Smuggling Diamonds in the Central African Republic

Source: Global Witness, 2017

Countries: Central African Republic

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources

Added: 07/09/2017

 

Over a crackly mobile phone somewhere in the Central African Republic (CAR), or maybe Cameroon, a dealer is pitching for business. “Yes, it’s scary,” he says, “but in this business, (…) you have to dare.” The business is diamonds and, as he reminds us, “this [CAR] is a diamond country.”1 The...

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Resources, Peace and Conflict in the Horn of Africa

Resources, Peace and Conflict in the Horn of Africa

Source: Lund University, 2014

Author(s): Ulf Johansson Dahre

Countries: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Extractive Resources, Governance, Land, Renewable Resources

Added: 07/09/2017

 

The 12th SIRC conference on the Horn of Africa was held in Lund, August 23-25, 2013. The conference focused on the issue of natural resources, peace and conflict. The main objective of the conference was to provide a forum for those engaged in this issue and bring the agonizing and...

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International Relations Theories: Energy, Minerals and Conflict

International Relations Theories: Energy, Minerals and Conflict

Source: Polinares - EU Policy on Natural Resources, 2010

Author(s): Roland Dannreuther

Topics: Conflict Causes, Conflict Prevention, Cooperation, Extractive Resources

Added: 07/09/2017

 

IR theories seek to identify key regularities and patterns of interaction in the realm of international politics and to provide parsimonious models to explain the nature and underlying structures of that interaction. These theories generally have, whether implicitly or explicitly, a normative dimension – they say something about how international...

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