Governance

 

There are 852 items related to Governance. Items are listed by date added.

 

The Narrative of Conflict Minerals: An Exploration of Sexual Gender-Based Violence and Socioeconomic Impacts of the Dodd-Frank Act in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Narrative of Conflict Minerals: An Exploration of Sexual Gender-Based Violence and Socioeconomic Impacts of the Dodd-Frank Act in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo

Source: Uppsala University, 2017

Author(s): Sara Engström

Countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Topics: Extractive Resources, Gender, Governance

Added: 24/06/2017

 

This thesis elaborates on a complex, multilayered gender perspective of mineral exports in the conflict of the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The focus lies on the Dodd-Frank Act and its implications for sexual gender-based violence, both conflict and non-conflict related, as well as socioeconomic dimensions. The in-depth analysis...

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‘Climate Borders’ in the Anthropocene: Securitizing Displacements, Migration and Refugees

‘Climate Borders’ in the Anthropocene: Securitizing Displacements, Migration and Refugees

Source: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2015

Author(s): Sanjay Chaturvedi and Timothy Doyle

Countries: Bangladesh

Topics: Climate Change, Governance

Added: 19/06/2017

 

At the heart of contemporary, fast multiplying climate-security narratives originating largely (but not entirely) from the global North are the imaginative geographies of millions of impoverished Afro-Asians being uprooted and displaced from their habitat and crossing borders in search of the greener and securer pastures. The latest 5th Assessment Report...

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Europe’s Twenty‑first Century Challenge: Climate Change, Migration and Security

Europe’s Twenty‑first Century Challenge: Climate Change, Migration and Security

Source: European View, 2016

Author(s): Michael Werz and Max Hoffman 

Topics: Climate Change, Conflict Prevention, Governance

Added: 19/06/2017

 

Most of the refugees arriving in Europe are fleeing civil war and unrest. However, it is important to recognise how the second-order effects of climate change—which can undermine agriculture and increase competition for water and food resources—are contributing to instability and decisions to migrate. While migratory decisions are complex, climate...

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Suggested Amendments to the Afghan Mining Law: March 2017

Suggested Amendments to the Afghan Mining Law: March 2017

Source: Integrity Watch Afghanistan, 2017

Countries: Afghanistan

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 18/06/2017

 

Mining should be a source of development and independence for the Afghan people, but is instead a major threat to security while providing little benefit. Urgent action is needed to reverse this pattern. A key concern is reforms to fix a number of serious weaknesses in the 2014 Mining Law...

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Overview of the Afghanistan Mining Sector: Accountability and Transparency

Overview of the Afghanistan Mining Sector: Accountability and Transparency

Source: Ohio Law, 2017

Countries: Afghanistan

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 18/06/2017

 

Reports vary as to the value of Afghanistan’s mineral wealth because most of the country’s mines have not been fully explored, resulting in valuations based almost solely on superficial “reconnaissance” studies that do not determine the size and composition of the mine. Figures provided by the U.S. Geological Survey in...

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Conflicts and Security in Integrated Water Resources Management

Conflicts and Security in Integrated Water Resources Management

Source: Environmental Science and Policy, 2017

Author(s): Mohammad Al-Saidi

Topics: Governance, Peace and Security Operations, Renewable Resources

Added: 18/06/2017

 

Water sector reforms based on the concept of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) are criticized for not considering context, local realities or legitimacy during the implementation of water sector reforms. Universal remedies of IWRM can thus lead to resistance, conflicts and ultimately failures of interventions. This paper examines how conflicts...

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Natural Resources, Decentralization, and Risk Sharing: Can Resource Booms Unify Nations?

Natural Resources, Decentralization, and Risk Sharing: Can Resource Booms Unify Nations?

Source: Journal of Development Economics, 2016

Author(s): Fidel Perez-Sebastiana and Ohad Raveh

Topics: Economic Recovery , Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 18/06/2017

 

Previous studies imply that a positive regional fiscal shock, such as a resource boom, strengthens the desire for separation. In this paper we present a new and opposite perspective. We construct a model of endogenous fiscal decentralization that builds on two key notions: a trade-off between risk sharing and heterogeneity,...

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Oil and Democracy: Endogenous Natural Resources and the Political “Resource Curse”

Oil and Democracy: Endogenous Natural Resources and the Political “Resource Curse”

Source: International Organization Foundation, 2016

Author(s): Sarah M. Brooks and Marcus J. Kurtz

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 18/06/2017

 

By the end of the twentieth century, a scholarly consensus emerged around the idea that oil fuels authoritarianism and slow growth. The natural abundance once thought to be a blessing was unconditionally, and then later only conditionally, a curse for political and economic development. We re-examine the relationship between oil...

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Briefing Paper: Recommendations for Addressing Conflict Pollution at UNEA-3

Briefing Paper: Recommendations for Addressing Conflict Pollution at UNEA-3

Source: Toxic Remnants of War Network, 2017

Countries: Colombia, Iraq, Syria, Ukraine

Topics: Assessment, Governance, Weapons, Waste, and Pollution

Added: 18/06/2017

 

This briefing for delegations explains why pollution caused or exacerbated by armed conflicts must be addressed by States during UNEA-3. The briefing proposes five areas where States and international organisations should make commitments for further action to help minimise the generation of toxic remnants of war, and their impact on...

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Weather and Resource Information as Tools for Dealing with Farmer-Pastoralist Conflicts in the Sahel

Weather and Resource Information as Tools for Dealing with Farmer-Pastoralist Conflicts in the Sahel

Source: Earth System Dynamics, 2016

Author(s): Ole Mertz, Kjeld Rasmussen, and Laura Vang Rasmussen

Topics: Conflict Causes, Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Governance, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 15/06/2017

 

Conflicts between pastoralists and farmers in the Sahel mainly arise from competition over land and water resources or because of livestock damage to crops. Rather than being linked to larger environmental change processes such as climate change, conflicts are often caused by inappropriate zoning of land, governance and unequal power...

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