Governance

 

There are 878 items related to Governance. Items are listed by date added.

 

Translating Climate Security Policy into Practice

Translating Climate Security Policy into Practice

Source: Planetary Security Initiative, 2017

Author(s): Malin Mobjörk and Dan Smith

Topics: Climate Change, Governance, Programming

Added: 05/06/2017

 

Climate change involves different consequences (flood, drought, sea level rise, etc.) which simultaneously affect numerous issue-areas (agriculture, transport, energy production, human and animal health, etc.), different levels of society (ranging from local to global), and different regions across the globe. Because of these risks’ multi-faceted characteristics, policy responses are needed...

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The Political Economy of Oil and Gas in Southeast Asia: Heading towards the Natural Resource Curse?

The Political Economy of Oil and Gas in Southeast Asia: Heading towards the Natural Resource Curse?

Source: The Pacific Review, 2010

Author(s): Benjamin K. Sovacool

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 02/06/2017

 

The notion of the resource curse suggests that countries with large caches of natural resources often perform worse in terms of economic growth, social devel-opment, and good governance than other countries with fewer resources. The theory posits that countries depending on oil or other extractive industries for their liveli-hood are...

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Conflict over Natural Resources among Pastoralists in Northern Kenya: A Look at Recent Initiatives in Conflict Resolution

Conflict over Natural Resources among Pastoralists in Northern Kenya: A Look at Recent Initiatives in Conflict Resolution

Source: Journal of International Development, 2003

Author(s): Rachel Berger

Countries: Kenya

Topics: Conflict Causes, Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Governance, Land, Renewable Resources

Added: 01/06/2017

 

The paper describes the traditional relationship between pastoralism and the environment, and the institutions that underpin livelihood security and natural resource management. It identifies the circumstances that have led to pastoralism coming under threat and the resulting increase in inter-tribal conflict over natural resources. The paper discusses how pastoralist institutions...

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Mining Governance: An Effective Extractive Industries Revenue Collection System for Afghanistan

Mining Governance: An Effective Extractive Industries Revenue Collection System for Afghanistan

Source: Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit, 2017

Countries: Afghanistan

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 31/05/2017

 

Efficient administration of extractive industry (EI) revenues is a critical task for all resource-rich countries, especially those with weak administrative capacities. Since an integrated accounting, reporting and auditing system can encounter obstacles, even though it is a priority, it requires technical assistance to develop and implement. Due to the unique...

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Resource Wealth as Rent Leverage: Rethinking the Oil-Stability Nexus

Resource Wealth as Rent Leverage: Rethinking the Oil-Stability Nexus

Source: Conflict Management and Peace Science, 2015

Author(s): Benjamin Smith

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 24/05/2017

 

The study of the “resource curse” has become a major research agenda with multiple outcomes of interest—regime type, regime stability, civil conflict and economic growth to name a few. However, the proliferation of different measurement choices has hamstrung the quest for knowledge accumulation. In this essay I present a new...

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Oil Wealth, Post-Conflict Elections, and Postwar Peace Failure

Oil Wealth, Post-Conflict Elections, and Postwar Peace Failure

Source: Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2017

Author(s): Eric Keels

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 24/05/2017

 

New research has emerged that suggests there is a troubling relationship between elections and civil wars; primarily, elections increase the risk of civil war recurrence. I investigate this relationship further by examining the economic factors associated with the connection between postwar elections and peace failure. Specifically, how does the presence...

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Environmental Security?

Environmental Security?

Source: Journal of Peace Research, 1996

Author(s): Nina Græger

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Cooperation, Governance, Peace and Security Operations

Added: 24/05/2017

 

The literature on 'environmental security' struggles with conceptual and methodological shortcomings, questioning the analytical value of the concept. Lodgaard and Westing claim that linking the environment to security - and thereby to 'high politics' - has created the political awareness and sense of urgency required to resolve environmental problems and...

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Housing, Land and Property Factsheet (April 2017)-Afghanistan

Housing, Land and Property Factsheet (April 2017)-Afghanistan

Source: Housing, Land and Property Task Force, 2017

Author(s): Housing, Land and Property Task Force

Countries: Afghanistan

Topics: Conflict Causes, Governance, Land

Added: 24/05/2017

 

Forced displacement often leads to the loss of land, homes and other property with serious consequences for individuals and communities, who as a result are deprived of their main source of physical and economic security. Disputes involving housing, land and property (HLP) are both a fundamental cause of conflict as...

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Environmental and Gender Impacts of Land Tenure Regularization in Africa: Pilot Evidence from Rwanda

Environmental and Gender Impacts of Land Tenure Regularization in Africa: Pilot Evidence from Rwanda

Source: Journal of Development Economics, 2014

Author(s): Daniel Ayalew Ali, Klaus Deininger, and Markus Goldstein

Countries: Rwanda

Topics: Gender, Governance, Land

Added: 21/05/2017

 

We evaluate the short-term impact of a pilot land regularization program in Rwanda using a geographic discontinuity design with spatial fixed effects. Three key findings emerge from the analysis. First, the program seems to have improved land access for legally married women (about 76% of married couples) and prompted better...

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Regulation (EU) 2017/821 of the European Parliament & the Council of 17 May 2017 Laying Down Supply Chain Due Diligence Obligations for Union Importers of Tin, Tantalum & Tungsten, Their Ores, and Gold Originating from Conflict-Affected & High-Risk Areas

Regulation (EU) 2017/821 of the European Parliament & the Council of 17 May 2017 Laying Down Supply Chain Due Diligence Obligations for Union Importers of Tin, Tantalum & Tungsten, Their Ores, and Gold Originating from Conflict-Affected & High-Risk Areas

Source: European Union, 2017

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 21/05/2017

 

Regulation (EU) 2017/821 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2017 laying down supply chain due diligence obligations for Union importers of tin, tantalum and tungsten, their ores, and gold originating from conflict-affected and high-risk areas .

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