Livelihoods

 

There are 556 items related to Livelihoods. Items are listed by date added.

 

Looking for Oil, Gas and Mineral Development in Ethiopia: Prospects and Risks for the Political Settlement

Looking for Oil, Gas and Mineral Development in Ethiopia: Prospects and Risks for the Political Settlement

Source: The Extractive Industries and Society Journal, 2017

Author(s): Fitsum S. Weldegiorgisa, Berouk Mesfinb, and Kathryn Sturman

Countries: Ethiopia

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Extractive Resources, Governance, Livelihoods

Added: 15/01/2018

 

The narrative of Ethiopia’s remarkable economic growth path under a developmental state model is that of a strong ruling coalition united behind the vision of the late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi. Although a combination of de jure federalism and de facto tight vertical control of power seemed to have contained...

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When the Water Ends [Video]

When the Water Ends [Video]

Source: Yale Environment 360 & Media Storm, 2010

Author(s): Evan Abramson

Countries: Ethiopia, Kenya

Topics: Climate Change, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 15/01/2018

 

For thousands of years, nomadic herdsmen have roamed the harsh, semi-arid lowlands that stretch across 80 percent of Kenya and 60 percent of Ethiopia. Descendants of the oldest tribal societies in the world, they survive thanks to the animals they raise and the crops they grow, their travels determined by...

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Chocolate Nations: Living and Dying for Cocoa in West Africa

Chocolate Nations: Living and Dying for Cocoa in West Africa

Source: Zed Books, 2012

Author(s): Órla Ryan

Topics: Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 15/01/2018

 

Chocolate - the very word conjures up a hint of the forbidden and a taste of the decadent. Yet the story behind the chocolate bar is rarely one of luxury.  From the thousands of children who work on plantations to the smallholders who harvest the beans, Chocolate Nations reveals the hard economic...

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Agriculture-Nutrition Linkages and Child Health in the Presence of Conflict in Nepal

Agriculture-Nutrition Linkages and Child Health in the Presence of Conflict in Nepal

Source: International Food Policy Research Institute, 2016

Author(s): Elizabeth Bageant, Yanyan Liu, and Xinshen Diao

Countries: Nepal

Topics: Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 15/01/2018

 

Much policy and research attention has focused on the relationship between agriculture and nutrition. We extend this analysis to the context of Nepal’s decade-long civil conflict. Understanding how conflict or similar stress mitigates the agriculture-nutrition linkage is essential to developing impactful agriculture and nutrition policy in potential conflict zones. To...

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Oil and Emerging Conflict Dynamics in the Ateker Cluster: The Case of Turkana, Kenya

Oil and Emerging Conflict Dynamics in the Ateker Cluster: The Case of Turkana, Kenya

Source: Nomadic Peoples, 2017

Author(s): Kennedy Mkutu Agade

Countries: Kenya

Topics: Extractive Resources, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 27/12/2017

 

Resource wealth is linked to conflict, particularly where institutions are weak. This may occur through a number of mechanisms, including grievances of communities over inequality and threatened livelihoods, exacerbated by resource extraction. This article looks at the early stages of oil exploration moving towards extraction in Turkana county, Kenya, which...

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Governing Violence in the Pastoralist Space: Karrayu and State Notions of Cattle Raiding in the Ethiopian Awash Valley

Governing Violence in the Pastoralist Space: Karrayu and State Notions of Cattle Raiding in the Ethiopian Awash Valley

Source: Afrika Focus, 2008

Author(s): Alemmaya Mulugeta and Tobias Hagmann

Countries: Ethiopia

Topics: Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 20/12/2017

 

Based on recent fieldwork this article examines how cattle raids involving Karrayu pastoralists are governed by the local administration and customary authorities in Ethiopia’s Upper and Middle Awash Valley. It argues that the regulation of violent conflicts in areas marked by weak state presence and legitimacy must be understood as...

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Gold Mining, Indigenous Land Claims and Conflict in Guyana's Hinterland

Gold Mining, Indigenous Land Claims and Conflict in Guyana's Hinterland

Source: Journal of Rural Studies, 2017

Author(s): Gavin Hilson and Timothy Laing

Countries: Guyana

Topics: Extractive Resources, Governance, Livelihoods

Added: 20/12/2017

 

In recent decades, Guyana's gold-rich interior has been the location of numerous, mostly low-latent, conflicts. In each case, groups of Afro and Indo-Guyanese originating from the country's coastal cities and towns – popularly referred to as ‘Coast Landers’ – have clashed with indigenous Amerindians over control of remote parcels of...

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Towards a Multi-scale Approach for an Earth Observation-Based Assessment of Natural Resource Exploitation in Conflict Regions

Towards a Multi-scale Approach for an Earth Observation-Based Assessment of Natural Resource Exploitation in Conflict Regions

Source: Geocarto International Journal, 2016

Author(s): Elisabeth Schoepfer, Kristin Spröhnle, Olaf Kranz, Xavier Blaes, Jan Kolomaznik, Filip Hilgert, Tomas Bartalos, and Thomas Kemper

Countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Topics: Assessment, Extractive Resources, Land, Livelihoods

Added: 20/12/2017

 

The exploitation of resources, if not properly managed, can lead to spoiling natural habitats as well as to threatening people’s health, livelihoods and security. The paper discusses a multi-scale Earth observation-based approach to provide independent information related to exploitation activities of natural resources for countries which are experiencing armed conflict....

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Mitigating Tensions over Land Conversion in Papua, Indonesia

Mitigating Tensions over Land Conversion in Papua, Indonesia

Source: Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies Journal, 2016

Author(s): Mochamad Indrawan, Julian Caldecott, Ermayanti

Countries: Indonesia

Topics: Assessment, Conflict Prevention, Governance, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 20/12/2017

 

In the south of the biodiversity-rich Indonesian province of Papua, a large agricultural program is planned for the districts around Merauke, with the ostensible aim of helping to meet Indonesia's food requirements. Questions arise over the scheme's compliance with national laws and sustainability policies, as well as its likely impacts...

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Implementing REDD+ in a Conflict-Affected Country: A Case Study of the Democratic Republic of Congo

Implementing REDD+ in a Conflict-Affected Country: A Case Study of the Democratic Republic of Congo

Source: Environments Journal, 2017

Author(s): H. Carolyn Peach Brown

Countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Topics: Assessment, Climate Change, Cooperation, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 20/12/2017

 

Due to their carbon sequestration potential, tropical forests are a focal point for mitigation of climate change through Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+). The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) contains the largest part of the Congo Basin, the second largest rainforest in the world, and has become...

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