Livelihoods

 

There are 473 items related to Livelihoods. Items are listed by date added.

 

Contested Waters: Subnational Conflict in Pakistan

Contested Waters: Subnational Conflict in Pakistan

Source: United States Institute for Peace, 2017

Author(s): Daanish Mustafa, Giovanna Gioli, Milan Karner, and Imran Khan

Countries: Pakistan

Topics: Conflict Causes, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 19/07/2017

 

Based on interviews with decision makers and communities at the provincial, municipal, and village watercourse levels, this report reviews the evidence for water-related conflict at local, provincial, and interprovincial scales in Pakistan. It shows how water—a precious, unique, and finite resource—is not only contested in itself but also drafted as...

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Perceptions of Environmental Justice and the Conflict Surrounding Large Carnivore Management in Norway — Implications for Conflict Management

Perceptions of Environmental Justice and the Conflict Surrounding Large Carnivore Management in Norway — Implications for Conflict Management

Source: Biological Conservation, 2016

Author(s): Kim S. Jacobsen and John D.C. Linnell

Countries: Norway

Topics: Conflict Causes, Conflict Prevention, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 12/07/2017

 

Human-wildlife conflict is increasingly being recognised as containing strong elements of social conflict. The extent to which stakeholders regard a management system as being just and fair is a key social dimension of conflict. This paper investigates the perceptions of justice regarding the carnivore conflict in Norway among sheep farmers,...

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Living off the Land: The Connection between Cropland, Food Security, and Violence against Civilians

Living off the Land: The Connection between Cropland, Food Security, and Violence against Civilians

Source: Journal of Peace Research, 2017

Author(s): Ore Koren and Benjamin E. Bagozzi

Topics: Conflict Causes, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 12/07/2017

 

Food security has attracted widespread attention in recent years. Yet, despite preliminary evidence connecting food insecurity to political violence, we lack a systematic understanding of the relationship(s) between local food resources and violence against civilians. This study develops a food-security based theory to explain the significant variation that we observe...

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Decoupling National Water Needs for National Water Supplies: Insights and Potential for Countries in the Jordan Basin

Decoupling National Water Needs for National Water Supplies: Insights and Potential for Countries in the Jordan Basin

Source: West Asia-North Africa Institute, 2017

Author(s): Michael Gilmont, Steve Rayner, Erica Harper, Lara Nassar, Nadav Tal, Mike Simpson, and Hilmi Salem

Countries: Israel, Jordan, Palestine

Topics: Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 12/07/2017

 

This report analyses and compares the water allocation and management experience of Jordan, Palestine and Israel using the lens of economic and resource decoupling to highlight past trends and future potential for jurisdictions in the region to circumvent limits on natural water resources. Like most Middle East economies, Jordan and...

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Case Study: Farmer–Herder Conflicts in Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana

Case Study: Farmer–Herder Conflicts in Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana

Source: Springer, 2016

Author(s): Charlène Cabot

Countries: Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana

Topics: Climate Change, Conflict Causes, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 06/07/2017

 

This chapter is a case study that tests hypotheses in order to determine if political factors can reduce violence in cases of climate-change-induced or -aggravated agro-pastoral conflicts over natural resources. Three West African countries were selected because of their common socio-economic and environmental characteristics and because they host comparable farmer–herder...

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Natural Resource Conflict Analysis Among Pastoralists in Southern Ethiopia

Natural Resource Conflict Analysis Among Pastoralists in Southern Ethiopia

Source: Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, 2017

Author(s): Fekadu Beyene

Countries: Ethiopia

Topics: Conflict Causes, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 06/07/2017

 

This paper examines resource-related conflict among pastoralists in southern Ethiopia, specifically the Somali and Oromo ethnic groups. It applies theories of property rights, environmental security and political ecology to discuss the complexity of the conflict, using narrative analysis and conflict mapping. Results reveal that the conflict results from interrelated cultural,...

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The New Environmental Security: Linking Food, Water, and Energy for Integrative and Diagnostic Social-ecological Research

The New Environmental Security: Linking Food, Water, and Energy for Integrative and Diagnostic Social-ecological Research

Source: Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 2013

Author(s): Philip A. Loring, S. Craig Gerlach, and Henry P. Huntington

Topics: Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 01/07/2017

 

In this commentary we describe a new framework for environmental security, one that draws food, water, and energy security into a unified socio-ecological research program. While traditional uses of environmental security carry statist and militaristic undertones, we propose that this "new" environmental security provides a more comprehensive perspective for research...

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Large Scale Land Acquisitions and REDD+: A Synthesis of Conflicts and Opportunities

Large Scale Land Acquisitions and REDD+: A Synthesis of Conflicts and Opportunities

Source: Environmental Research Letters, 2017

Author(s): Sarah Carter, Ameur M. Manceur, Ralf Seppelt, Kathleen Hermans-Neumann, Martin Herold, and Lou Verchot

Topics: Climate Change, Conflict Causes, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 01/07/2017

 

Large scale land acquisitions (LSLA), and Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) are both land based phenomena which when occurring in the same area, can compete with each other for land. A quantitative analysis of country characteristics revealed that land available for agriculture, accessibility, and political stability are...

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At the Root of Exodus: Food Security, Conflict and International Migration

At the Root of Exodus: Food Security, Conflict and International Migration

Source: World Food Programme, 2017

Author(s): Claudia Ah Poe, Luka Biong Deng Kuol, Rossella Bottone, Calogero Di Gloria, Katrina Frappier, Valerio Giuffrida, Nigussie Tefera, Aysha Twose, Susanna Sandström, and Cecilia Signorini

Countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Greece, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Syria, the Gambia, Turkey

Topics: Humanitarian Assistance, Livelihoods

Added: 01/07/2017

 

As an international actor in addressing food insecurity among refugees and other migrants, the World Food Programme (WFP) has undertaken a research study to determine the role that food security plays in crossborder migration. Given the dearth of data on this topic, the WFP study sought to answer some of...

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Environment, Conflict and Cooperation Factbook

Environment, Conflict and Cooperation Factbook

Source: adelphi, 2017

Topics: Conflict Causes, Conflict Prevention, Cooperation, Extractive Resources, Governance, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources, Weapons, Waste, and Pollution

Added: 01/07/2017

 

This website offers a platform for exchange on environment, conflict, and cooperation (ECC). It aims to foster sustainable peace and development by gathering knowledge on environmental conflict and cooperation as well as by creating networks among stakeholders from the development, environment, foreign and security communities worldwide. Environmental aspects are increasingly recognised...

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