Livelihoods

 

There are 462 items related to Livelihoods. Items are listed by date added.

 

Temperature, Maize Yield, and Civil Conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa

Temperature, Maize Yield, and Civil Conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa

Source: Climatic Change, 2017

Author(s): Tackseung Jun

Topics: Climate Change, Conflict Causes, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 19/06/2017

 

Civil conflicts have swept through many parts of sub-Saharan Africa in the past half century. Recently, scholars from backgrounds as diver as climate science, economics, political science, and anthropology have explored the effects of climate change on these civil conflicts, with mixed results. Our empirical results confirm effects of temperature...

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Crop Prospects and Food Situation (Quarterly Global Report)

Crop Prospects and Food Situation (Quarterly Global Report)

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2017

Topics: Humanitarian Assistance, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 19/06/2017

 

FAO estimates that 37 countries are in need of external assistance for food. Civil conflict continues to be a main driver of severe food insecurity, triggering famine in South Sudan and putting populations at high risk of localized famine in Yemen and northern Nigeria. Weather shocks, notably droughts, have also impinged...

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Ghor and Badghis Provinces—Locust Infestation Assessment (Bulletin #1)

Ghor and Badghis Provinces—Locust Infestation Assessment (Bulletin #1)

Source: World Food Programme, 2017

Author(s): Mudasir Nazar and Eric Kenefick

Countries: Afghanistan

Topics: Assessment, Humanitarian Assistance, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 19/06/2017

 

The locust infestation is a devastating natural disaster that has a negative impact on the crops and agriculture products. In Afghanistan, the locust infestation has been experienced in different parts of the country in the past and is continuously reported in the past few years in Badghis and Ghor provinces....

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Building Peace with Conflict Diamonds? Merging Security and Development in Sierra Leone

Building Peace with Conflict Diamonds? Merging Security and Development in Sierra Leone

Source: Development and Change, 2009

Author(s): Philippe Le Billon and Estelle Levin

Countries: Sierra Leone

Topics: Extractive Resources, Livelihoods

Added: 18/06/2017

 

This article examines the merging of security and development agendas in primary commodity sectors, focusing on the case of peace-building reforms in Sierra Leone's diamond sector. Reformers frequently assume that reforming the diamond sector through industrializing alluvial diamond mining will reduce threats to security and development, thereby contributing to peace...

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Weather and Resource Information as Tools for Dealing with Farmer-Pastoralist Conflicts in the Sahel

Weather and Resource Information as Tools for Dealing with Farmer-Pastoralist Conflicts in the Sahel

Source: Earth System Dynamics, 2016

Author(s): Ole Mertz, Kjeld Rasmussen, and Laura Vang Rasmussen

Topics: Conflict Causes, Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Governance, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 15/06/2017

 

Conflicts between pastoralists and farmers in the Sahel mainly arise from competition over land and water resources or because of livestock damage to crops. Rather than being linked to larger environmental change processes such as climate change, conflicts are often caused by inappropriate zoning of land, governance and unequal power...

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The Weaponization of Water in Syria and Iraq

The Weaponization of Water in Syria and Iraq

Source: The Washington Quarterly, 2016

Author(s): Marcus DuBois King

Countries: Iraq, Syria

Topics: Climate Change, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources, Weapons, Waste, and Pollution

Added: 15/06/2017

 

Attempts to identify linkages between climate-related events and conflict have led to ambiguous and contested results. Some analyses have found notable correlation between human conflict and climate-related events; however, they were criticized for being too broad in scope and scale. This debate has inspired additional, more specific research to examine...

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Resource Use Conflict in Agrarian Communities, Management and Challenges: A Case of Farmer-Herdsmen Conflict in Kogi State, Nigeria

Resource Use Conflict in Agrarian Communities, Management and Challenges: A Case of Farmer-Herdsmen Conflict in Kogi State, Nigeria

Source: Journal of Rural Studies, 2016

Author(s): Mabel Ukamake Dimelu, Edward Danjuma Salifu, and Edwin M. Igbokwe

Countries: Nigeria

Topics: Conflict Causes, Governance, Land, Livelihoods

Added: 15/06/2017

 

The study examined causes of conflict and effectiveness of management strategies in agrarian communities of Kogi State, Nigeria. A total 135 crop famers and 72 herdsmen were randomly selected and used for the study. Data were collected by use of structured interview schedule, focus group discussion and personal observation. The...

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Water Resource Management for Improving Environmental Security and Rural Livelihoods in the Irrigated Amu Darya Lowlands

Water Resource Management for Improving Environmental Security and Rural Livelihoods in the Irrigated Amu Darya Lowlands

Source: Springer, 2009

Author(s): Christopher Martius, Jochen Froebrich, and Ernst-August Nuppenau

Topics: Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 14/06/2017

 

Reliable and safe supply of fresh water resources is one of the most important global environmental challenges (Rechkemmer 2004). Water resource management must become economically more efficient, ecologically sustainable, and also socially justifiable, especially so in the water crisis regions.

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Monitoring Food Security in Countries with Conflict Situations (a Joint FAO/WFP Update)

Monitoring Food Security in Countries with Conflict Situations (a Joint FAO/WFP Update)

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and World Food Programme, 2017

Topics: Conflict Causes, Humanitarian Assistance, Livelihoods

Added: 14/06/2017

 

According to the consensus-based Global Report on Food Crises 2017, 108 million people across 48 countries are experiencing unacceptably high levels of acute food insecurity. This figure is 35 percent higher than in last year’s report when 80 million people were in the same situation. Major food crises are the...

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The Socio-Economics of Artisanal Mining and Bushmeat Hunting around Protected Areas: Kahuzi–Biega National Park and Itombwe Nature Reserve, Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

The Socio-Economics of Artisanal Mining and Bushmeat Hunting around Protected Areas: Kahuzi–Biega National Park and Itombwe Nature Reserve, Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

Source: Cambridge University Press, 2017

Author(s): Charlotte Spira, Andrew Kirkby, Deo Kujirakwinja, and Andrew J. Plumptre

Countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Topics: Extractive Resources, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 05/06/2017

 

In the Democratic Republic of Congo artisanal and small-scale mining is estimated to provide a source of livelihood for 14–16% of the population, or 8–10 million people. In the eastern part of the country it is one of the main threats to large mammal species and their habitats, including forest...

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