Livelihoods

 

There are 474 items related to Livelihoods. Items are listed by date added.

 

Sudan's Deep State: How Insiders Violently Privatized Sudan's Wealth, and How to Respond

Sudan's Deep State: How Insiders Violently Privatized Sudan's Wealth, and How to Respond

Source: Enough Project, 2017

Countries: Sudan

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance, Livelihoods

Added: 01/05/2017

 

Sudan’s government is a violent kleptocracy, a system of misrule characterized by state capture and co-opted institutions, where a small ruling group maintains power indefinitely through various forms of corruption and violence. Throughout his reign, President Omar al-Bashir has overseen the entrenchment of systemic looting, widespread impunity, political repression, and...

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Competition for Water Resources: Experiences and Management Approaches in the US and Europe

Competition for Water Resources: Experiences and Management Approaches in the US and Europe

Source: Elsevier, 2016

Author(s): Jadwiga R. Ziolkowska and Jeffrey M. Peterson 

Countries: United States

Topics: Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 26/04/2017

 

Competition for Water Resources: Experiences and Management Approaches in the U.S. and Europe addresses the escalation of global issues regarding water scarcity and the necessary, cost-effective strategies that must be put in place in order to deal with escalating water crisis. The book evaluates use and competition for water resources in...

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Using a Novel Climate–Water Conflict Vulnerability Index to Capture Double Exposures in Lake Chad

Using a Novel Climate–Water Conflict Vulnerability Index to Capture Double Exposures in Lake Chad

Source: Regional Environmental Change, 2017

Author(s): Uche T. Okpara, Lindsay C. Stringer, and Andrew J. Dougill

Countries: Chad

Topics: Assessment, Climate Change, Conflict Causes, Livelihoods

Added: 24/04/2017

 

Climate variability is amongst an array of threats facing agricultural livelihoods, with its effects unevenly distributed. With resource conflict being increasingly recognised as one significant outcome of climate variability and change, understanding the underlying drivers that shape differential vulnerabilities in areas that are double-exposed to climate and conflict has great...

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Insurgency, Terrorism and Organised Crime in a Warming Climate – Analysing the Links Between Climate Change and Non-State Armed Groups

Insurgency, Terrorism and Organised Crime in a Warming Climate – Analysing the Links Between Climate Change and Non-State Armed Groups

Source: Adelphi, 2016

Author(s): Katharina Nett and Lukas Rüttinger

Countries: Afghanistan, Guatemala, Syria

Topics: Climate Change, Conflict Causes, Livelihoods

Added: 23/04/2017

 

Over the past ten years, both our understanding and awareness of the links between climate change and security have increased tremendously. Today the UN, the EU, the G7 and an increasing number of states have classified climate change as a threat to global and/or national security. However, the links between climate...

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Natural Resource Types and Conflict Termination Initiatives

Natural Resource Types and Conflict Termination Initiatives

Source: Colombia Internacional , 2009

Author(s): Philippe Le Billon

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Land, Livelihoods, Peace Agreements, Renewable Resources

Added: 20/04/2017

 

There is mounting evidence that natural resources can influence the likelihood, course and outcome of armed conflicts. Much of these relationships depend on the institutional setting in which the conflict and resource exploitation occurs, and the specific characteristics of resources involved. This paper examines the relevance of two broad resource...

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War on Drugs and War on Terror: Case of Afghanistan

War on Drugs and War on Terror: Case of Afghanistan

Source: The Peace and Conflict Review, 2009

Author(s): Daniela Corti and Ashok Swain

Countries: Afghanistan

Topics: Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 20/04/2017

 

The drug trade is a very important component of Afghanistan’s economy. In the post 9/11 period, the United States has put a high priority to its war against drugs policy in Afghanistan after linking the drug trade to the financing of the Islamic terrorist groups.The basic strategy of US war...

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Oil, Relative Strength and Civil War Mediation

Oil, Relative Strength and Civil War Mediation

Source: Cooperation and Conflict, 2015

Author(s): Govinda Clayton

Topics: Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Extractive Resources, Livelihoods

Added: 12/04/2017

 

Civil conflicts within oil-rich states tend to last longer but are less likely to be mediated and end in a peace agreement. This implies that oil-funded conflict is less likely to end through a mediated settlement, despite offering a greater opportunity for peaceful resolution. This article builds on this puzzle,...

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‘I Acted Like a Man’: Exploring Female Ex-insurgents’ Narratives on Nigeria’s Oil Insurgency

‘I Acted Like a Man’: Exploring Female Ex-insurgents’ Narratives on Nigeria’s Oil Insurgency

Source: Review of African Political Economy, 2016

Author(s): Temitope Oriola

Countries: Nigeria

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Gender, Livelihoods

Added: 12/04/2017

 

This paper explores how a small sample of female ex-insurgents make sense of their engagement in Nigeria’s oil insurgency. The study is informed by three key questions: How did Delta women join the insurgency? Why did they join? How do they frame their participation? The paper analyses the prevalence of...

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Weapons of choice: The effect of natural resources on terror and insurgencies

Weapons of choice: The effect of natural resources on terror and insurgencies

Source: Sage Journals, 2016

Author(s): Axel Dreher, Merle Kreibaum

Topics: Conflict Causes, Land, Livelihoods

Added: 12/04/2017

 

This article investigates the effect of natural resources on whether ethno-political groups choose to pursue their goals with nonviolent as compared to violent means, distinguishing terrorism from insurgencies. It is hypothesized that whether or not the extraction of fossil fuels sparks violence depends both on the group’s characteristics and the...

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Islands, Extraction and Violence: Mining and the Politics of Scale in Island Melanesia

Islands, Extraction and Violence: Mining and the Politics of Scale in Island Melanesia

Source: Political Geography, 2017

Author(s): Matthew G. Allen

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Livelihoods

Added: 12/04/2017

 

Set against the backdrop of past, contemporary and possible future mining-related violence on islands in the western Pacific, this article explores how scholarship on the politics of scale, as well as strands of the burgeoning island studies literature, might sharpen our understanding of the political economic and violent effects of...

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