Conflict Causes

 

There are 549 items related to Conflict Causes. Items are listed by date added.

 

Do Natural Resources Breed Corruption? Evidence from China

Do Natural Resources Breed Corruption? Evidence from China

Source: Environmental and Resource Economics, 2015

Author(s): Jing Vivian Zhan

Countries: China

Topics: Conflict Causes, Governance

Added: 07/05/2017

 

Rampant corruption is often observed in resource-rich countries, especially developing countries with weak political institutions. However, controversies exist regarding whether and how natural resources systematically breed corruption. With empirical evidence from China and through a subnational approach, I shed new light on the impacts of resources on corruption. By qualitative...

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Political Exclusion, Oil, and Ethnic Armed Conflict

Political Exclusion, Oil, and Ethnic Armed Conflict

Source: Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2016

Author(s): Victor Asal, Michael Findley, James A. Piazza, and James Igoe Walsh

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources

Added: 07/05/2017

 

Why do members of some ethnic groups rebel against the state? One approach holds that groups subject to exclusion from national politics engage in armed conflict. We theorize that the presence of resource wealth moderates the effect of political exclusion. Ethnic groups subject to exclusion whose settlement area includes oil...

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Golden Opportunity, or a New Twist on the Resource-Conflict Relationship: Links Between the Drug Trade and Illegal Gold Mining in Colombia

Golden Opportunity, or a New Twist on the Resource-Conflict Relationship: Links Between the Drug Trade and Illegal Gold Mining in Colombia

Source: World Development, 2016

Author(s): Angelika Rettberg and Juan Felipe Ortiz-Riomalo

Countries: Colombia

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 07/05/2017

 

Resource wars face greater difficulties to end conflict, as well as greater probabilities of relapse. In part, this is due to the persistence of resource-fueled criminal networks developed under the auspices of armed conflict. In this paper we focus on the Colombian armed conflict, one of the longest-lasting conflicts in...

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Identity Management: The Creation of Resource Allocative Criteria in Botswana

Identity Management: The Creation of Resource Allocative Criteria in Botswana

Source: African Studies Quarterly, 2017

Author(s): Angela Gapa

Countries: Botswana

Topics: Conflict Causes, Conflict Prevention, Livelihoods

Added: 07/05/2017

 

Botswana’s escape from the “resource curse” is an anomaly in the trend toward low economic growth and political instability in resource-rich developing economies. In literature on the resource curse, distributive injustices of resource wealth have traditionally been understood to occur along ethno-linguistic and sectarian lines and potentially cause weak institutions,...

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Rethinking the Conflict "Resource Curse": How Oil Wealth Prevents Center-Seeking Civil Wars

Rethinking the Conflict "Resource Curse": How Oil Wealth Prevents Center-Seeking Civil Wars

Source: University of Rochester, 2016

Author(s): Jack Paine

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 07/05/2017

 

A broad literature on how oil wealth affects civil war onset argues that oil production engenders violent contests to capture a valuable prize from vulnerable governments. By contrast, research linking oil wealth to durable authoritarian regimes argues that oil-rich governments deter societal challenges by strategically allocating enormous revenues to enhance...

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Backdraft #7: Janani Vivekananda on What Renewable Energy Projects Can Learn from Oil, and Future-Proofing Humanitarian Responses [Podcast]

Backdraft #7: Janani Vivekananda on What Renewable Energy Projects Can Learn from Oil, and Future-Proofing Humanitarian Responses [Podcast]

Source: New Security Beat, 2017

Author(s): Lauren Herzer Risi

Countries: Jordan, Kenya

Topics: Conflict Causes, Land, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 02/05/2017

 

As more and more development and humanitarian programs contend with climate-related problems, there are important lessons learned from past experience that should not be forgotten, says Janani Vivekananda, formerly of International Alert and now with adelphi, in this week’s episode of “Backdraft.” In her work with International Alert, Vivekananda found there...

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Sudan's Deep State: How Insiders Violently Privatized Sudan's Wealth, and How to Respond

Sudan's Deep State: How Insiders Violently Privatized Sudan's Wealth, and How to Respond

Source: Enough Project, 2017

Countries: Sudan

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance, Livelihoods

Added: 01/05/2017

 

Sudan’s government is a violent kleptocracy, a system of misrule characterized by state capture and co-opted institutions, where a small ruling group maintains power indefinitely through various forms of corruption and violence. Throughout his reign, President Omar al-Bashir has overseen the entrenchment of systemic looting, widespread impunity, political repression, and...

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Putin’s Energy Agenda: The Contradictions of Russia’s Resource Wealth

Putin’s Energy Agenda: The Contradictions of Russia’s Resource Wealth

Source: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2014

Author(s): Stefan Hedlund

Countries: Russia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources

Added: 26/04/2017

 

Ever since the collapse of the Soviet Union, energy has been at the forefront of relations between Russia and Ukraine. What is often known as “Russian” gas sold to customers in Europe has actually been gas from Central Asia, mainly Turkmenistan, that is transited via Russia and Ukraine. This transit...

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Using a Novel Climate–Water Conflict Vulnerability Index to Capture Double Exposures in Lake Chad

Using a Novel Climate–Water Conflict Vulnerability Index to Capture Double Exposures in Lake Chad

Source: Regional Environmental Change, 2017

Author(s): Uche T. Okpara, Lindsay C. Stringer, and Andrew J. Dougill

Countries: Chad

Topics: Assessment, Climate Change, Conflict Causes, Livelihoods

Added: 24/04/2017

 

Climate variability is amongst an array of threats facing agricultural livelihoods, with its effects unevenly distributed. With resource conflict being increasingly recognised as one significant outcome of climate variability and change, understanding the underlying drivers that shape differential vulnerabilities in areas that are double-exposed to climate and conflict has great...

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The Evolution of the Natural Resource Curse Thesis: A Critical Literature Survey

The Evolution of the Natural Resource Curse Thesis: A Critical Literature Survey

Source: Resources Policy, 2017

Author(s): Ramez Abubakr Badeeb, Hooi Hooi Lean, and Jeremy Clark

Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 24/04/2017

 

This paper surveys the natural resource curse. We review the mechanisms through which resource wealth might slow economic growth, and the empirical studies that test for an effect overall, or on factors associated with growth. We include more recent studies suggesting the resource curse reflects only empirical misspecification. After reflecting...

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