Middle East & North Africa

 

There are 376 items related to Middle East & North Africa. Items are listed by date added.

 

Oil and Borders: How to Fix Iraq’s Kurdish Crisis

Oil and Borders: How to Fix Iraq’s Kurdish Crisis

Source: International Crisis Group, 2017

Countries: Iraq

Topics: Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Extractive Resources, Land

Added: 22/10/2017

 

What happened? On 16 October 2017, the Iraqi federal government launched an operation to restore Iraqi sovereignty over the disputed territories, including Kirkuk and its oil fields. This reversed the situation in place since the Iraqi army collapsed in the face of an onslaught by the Islamic State in June...

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How Conflict Affects Land Use: Agricultural Activity in Areas Seized by the Islamic State

How Conflict Affects Land Use: Agricultural Activity in Areas Seized by the Islamic State

Source: Environ, 2017

Author(s): Lina Eklund, Michael Degerald, Martin Brandt, Alexander V Prishchepov, and Petter Pilesjö

Countries: Iraq, Syria

Topics: Land, Renewable Resources

Added: 22/10/2017

 

Socio-economic shocks, technogenic catastrophes, and armed conflicts often have drastic impacts on local and regional food security through disruption of agricultural production and food trade, reduced investments, and deterioration of land and infrastructure. Recently, more research has focused on the effects of armed conflict on land systems, but still little...

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Environmental Issues in Areas Retaken from ISIL: Mosul, Iraq

Environmental Issues in Areas Retaken from ISIL: Mosul, Iraq

Source: UN Environment, 2017

Countries: Iraq

Topics: Assessment, Extractive Resources, Renewable Resources, Weapons, Waste, and Pollution

Added: 22/10/2017

 

During his visit to Iraq in May 2017, Erik Solheim responded positively to the government’s request for support in conducting an assessment of the environmental impacts in areas formerly occupied by ISIL (so-called Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant, alias Daesh). The Head of UN Environment witnessed first-hand the...

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Natural Resources and Conflict in Sudan: Addressing Environmental Issues in a Post-conflict Situation: The Case of Afghanistan

Natural Resources and Conflict in Sudan: Addressing Environmental Issues in a Post-conflict Situation: The Case of Afghanistan

Source: University of Stellenbosch, 2007

Author(s): François Henri Caas

Countries: Afghanistan, Sudan

Topics: Economic Recovery , Governance, Land, Peace Agreements, Renewable Resources

Added: 08/10/2017

 

Both Afghanistan and Sudan have experienced extended periods of war and violent conflict. Sudan has been engulfed in a nearly continuous and bitter civil war since independence in 1956. Afghanistan has been in a state of conflict since the Soviet invasion in 1979. Both nations are also among the poorest...

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Resource Conflict as a Factor in the Darfur Crisis in Sudan

Resource Conflict as a Factor in the Darfur Crisis in Sudan

Source: University of Bergen, 2006

Author(s): Leif Manger

Countries: Sudan

Topics: Conflict Causes, Renewable Resources

Added: 08/10/2017

 

The paper will deal with the broader understanding of the current crisis in Darfur, Sudan. A special focus should be on the major adaptational groups in Darfur and we should seek to develop a perspective that allows us to see the dynamic interrelationships of Darfurian agro-pastoral communities, and how varying...

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The 2016 Al-Mishraq Sulphur Plant Fire: Source and Health Risk Area Estimation

The 2016 Al-Mishraq Sulphur Plant Fire: Source and Health Risk Area Estimation

Source: Atmospheric Environment Journal, 2017

Author(s): Oscar Björnham, Håkan Grahn, Pontus von Schoenberg, Birgitta Liljedahl, Annica Waleij, and Niklas Brännström

Countries: Iraq

Topics: Weapons, Waste, and Pollution

Added: 08/10/2017

 

On October 20, 2016, Daesh (Islamic State) set fire to the sulphur production site Al-Mishraq as the battle of Mosul in northern Iraq became more intense. An extensive plume of toxic sulphur dioxide and hydrogen sulphide caused comprehensive casualties. The intensity of the SO2release was reaching levels of minor volcanic...

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Situating Water in Peacebuilding: Revisiting the Middle East Peace Process

Situating Water in Peacebuilding: Revisiting the Middle East Peace Process

Source: Water International, 2013

Author(s): Karin Aggestam and Anna Sundell-Eklund

Countries: Israel, Palestine

Topics: Cooperation, Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Peace Agreements, Renewable Resources

Added: 27/09/2017

 

Few studies have conceptually discussed the linkage between hydropolitics and peacebuilding. This article critically assesses the problematique of conflict and cooperation in the Jordan River basin and explores the underlying and shared assumptions between functionalist negotiation principles and liberal peacebuilding practices. It analyzes the competing positions among Israelis and Palestinians and revisits...

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Targeting Environmental Infrastructures, International Law, and Civilians in the New Middle Eastern Wars

Targeting Environmental Infrastructures, International Law, and Civilians in the New Middle Eastern Wars

Source: Security Dialogue, 2017

Author(s): Jeannie L. Sowers, Erika Weinthal, and Neda Zawahri

Countries: Libya, Syria, Yemen

Topics: Basic Services, Governance, Renewable Resources, Weapons, Waste, and Pollution

Added: 27/09/2017

 

Research in conflict studies and environmental security has largely focused on the mechanisms through which the environment and natural resources foster conflict or contribute to peacebuilding. An understudied area of research, however, concerns the ways in which warfare has targeted civilian infrastructure with long-term effects on human welfare and ecosystems....

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Ambiguity in Transboundary Environmental Dispute Resolution: The Israeli-Jordanian Water Agreement

Ambiguity in Transboundary Environmental Dispute Resolution: The Israeli-Jordanian Water Agreement

Source: Journal of Peace Research, 2008

Author(s): Itay Fischhendler

Countries: Israel, Jordan

Topics: Dispute Resolution/Mediation, Governance, Peace Agreements, Renewable Resources

Added: 26/09/2017

 

Cooperation over transboundary environmental resources, water in particular, has been analyzed from various perspectives. Each study identifies the problems of cooperation differently and suggests different mechanisms to enhance it. Yet, the role of ambiguity, particularly significant in treaty design to resolve environmental disputes, has thus far been overlooked. Such a...

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Lake Chad – Tackling Climate-Fragility Risks [Video]

Lake Chad – Tackling Climate-Fragility Risks [Video]

Source: aDelphi, 2017

Author(s): Stella Schaller, Janani Vivekananda, Stephan Wolters, Christopher Stolzenberg, and Paul-Müller Hahl

Countries: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

Topics: Climate Change, Conflict Prevention, Livelihoods, Renewable Resources

Added: 26/09/2017

 

The world’s most extensive humanitarian crisis since 1945 is currently playing out in the four countries that surround Lake Chad: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria. Multiple stressors converge in the region. Unemployment, violent insurgencies, poverty and depleting resources interact with climate change and create a perfect storm of climate-fragility risks....

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