Conflict Prevention

 

There are 402 items related to Conflict Prevention. Items are listed by date added.

 

Environmental Peacebuilding: Conditions for Success

Environmental Peacebuilding: Conditions for Success

Source: Wilson Center, 2011

Author(s): Alexander Carius

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Cooperation, Governance

Added: 21/01/2018

 

This article seeks to systematize the study of environmental cooperation and to define its scope more clearly, by identifying the conditions under which environmental cooperation best facilitates conflict transformation and peacebuilding, and which forms of negotiation or stakeholder participation have been particularly successful. I reviewed and evaluated past experiences experiences...

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Oil and Civil Conflict: On and Off (Shore)

Oil and Civil Conflict: On and Off (Shore)

Source: CESfio, 2017

Author(s): Jørgen Juel Andersen, Frode Martin Nordvik, and Andrea Tesei

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 15/01/2018

 

We reconsider the relationship between oil and conflict, focusing on the location of oil resources. In a panel of 132 countries over the period 1962-2009, we show that oil windfalls increase the probability of conflict in onshore-rich countries, while they decrease this probability in offshore-rich countries. We use a simple...

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Looking for Oil, Gas and Mineral Development in Ethiopia: Prospects and Risks for the Political Settlement

Looking for Oil, Gas and Mineral Development in Ethiopia: Prospects and Risks for the Political Settlement

Source: The Extractive Industries and Society Journal, 2017

Author(s): Fitsum S. Weldegiorgisa, Berouk Mesfinb, and Kathryn Sturman

Countries: Ethiopia

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Extractive Resources, Governance, Livelihoods

Added: 15/01/2018

 

The narrative of Ethiopia’s remarkable economic growth path under a developmental state model is that of a strong ruling coalition united behind the vision of the late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi. Although a combination of de jure federalism and de facto tight vertical control of power seemed to have contained...

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Conflict over Access to Land & Water Resources within Sub-Saharan Dry Lands

Conflict over Access to Land & Water Resources within Sub-Saharan Dry Lands

Source: Groupe de Recherche et d’Échanges Technologiques (GRET), 2006

Author(s): Pierre-Yves Le Meur, Peter Hochet, Martin Shem, and Oussouby Touré

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Renewable Resources

Added: 15/01/2018

 

The study is part of the project “Novel forms of livestock and wildlife integration adjacent to protected areas in Africa: Tanzania” focusing on the reduction of conflicts over natural resources through the integration of agriculture, pastoralism and nature conservation. FAO executes this project funded by the GEF (Global Environment Facility)...

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The Next Frontier for Disaster Risk Reduction: Tackling Disasters in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Contexts

The Next Frontier for Disaster Risk Reduction: Tackling Disasters in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Contexts

Source: Overseas Development Institute, 2017

Author(s): Katie Peters

Topics: Conflict Causes, Conflict Prevention

Added: 15/01/2018

 

Every day, people around the world lose their lives and livelihoods as a result of natural hazard-related disasters. Too many people are living in contexts in which states do not provide the necessary protections by failing to invest in well-known mitigation or prevention measures, and are unsupported in their efforts...

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Business for Peace? The Ambiguous Role of ‘Ethical’ Mining Companies

Business for Peace? The Ambiguous Role of ‘Ethical’ Mining Companies

Source: Peacebuilding, 2014

Author(s): Jana Honke

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Extractive Resources

Added: 15/01/2018

 

Multinational companies are increasingly promoted as peacebuilders. Major arguments in support of such a position emphasise both interest-based and norm/socialisation-based factors. This article uses research on large mining MNCs in eastern DRC – those that, arguably, should be most likely to build peace according to the above positions – to...

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Conflict in Protected Areas: Who Says Co-Management Does Not Work?

Conflict in Protected Areas: Who Says Co-Management Does Not Work?

Source: PLOS One, 2015

Author(s): Kobe De Pourcq, Evert Thomas, Bas Arts, An Vranckx, Tomas Léon-Sicard, and Patrick Van Damme

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Governance, Renewable Resources

Added: 15/01/2018

 

Natural resource-related conflicts can be extremely destructive and undermine environmental protection. Since the 1990s co-management schemes, whereby the management of resources is shared by public and/or private sector stakeholders, have been a main strategy for reducing these conflicts worldwide. Despite initial high hopes, in recent years co-management has been perceived...

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Use Environmental Diplomacy to Resolve the Sir Creek Dispute

Use Environmental Diplomacy to Resolve the Sir Creek Dispute

Source: Stimson Center, 2017

Author(s): Saleem H. Ali

Countries: China, India, Pakistan

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Governance, Land, Renewable Resources

Added: 27/12/2017

 

Thus far, Sir Creek has been primarily viewed as a maritime dispute. However, given the significance of this region and the growing concerns of climate change impacting this vital ecosystem, I propose reconfiguring this dispute as an opportunity for joint environmental conservation and management. Re-framing the Sir Creek dispute as...

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Warlord Led Civil Conflicts for Natural Resources: Policy Options for Conflict Resolution

Warlord Led Civil Conflicts for Natural Resources: Policy Options for Conflict Resolution

Source: Journal of Global Peace and Conflict, 2017

Author(s): Didarul Hasan and Sajal Lahiri

Countries: Myanmar

Topics: Conflict Prevention

Added: 27/12/2017

 

We develop a two-period model linking natural resources to civil conflicts led by warlords. Contrary to the existing literature, we assume that both resource extraction and wage rate are endogenous. We examine some policy options for the international community as well as for the conflict-affected country. We find that current...

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Righting the Resource Curse: Institutional Politics and State Capabilities in Edo State, Nigeria

Righting the Resource Curse: Institutional Politics and State Capabilities in Edo State, Nigeria

Source: Journal of Development Studies, 2016

Author(s): Doug Porter and Michael Watts

Countries: Nigeria

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Extractive Resources, Governance

Added: 27/12/2017

 

The poor record of liberal reforms sponsored by the international community in postcolonial settings underscores the real politik of institutional change. What we call a ‘new normal’ in development policy and practice foregrounds the role of agency – leadership, networks of connectors and convenors, entrepreneurs and activists – but it...

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