Developing, managing, and sharing knowledge on natural resources, conflict, and peacebuilding
Library / Briefs & Development
Source: The Journal of Development Studies, 2016
Author(s): Maarten Voors, Peter Van Der Windt, Kostadis J. Papaioannou, and Erwin Bulte
Countries: Sierra Leone
Topics: Conflict Causes, Extractive Resources, Governance
We empirically investigate the role of natural resources, and governance in explaining variation in the intensity of conflict during the 1991–2002 civil war in Sierra Leone. As a proxy for governance quality we exploit exogenous variation in political competition at the level of the chieftaincy. As a proxy for resources we use data on the location of pre-war mining sites. Our main result is that neither governance nor resources robustly explains the onset or duration of violence during the civil war in Sierra Leone.