Enivronmental Peacebuilding https://environmentalpeacebuilding.org/news/rss Program news from Environmental Peacebuilding / PCNRM. Save the Date: Fifth Al-Moumin Distinguished Lecture on Environmental Peacebuilding: Ken Conca and Geoff Dabelko <p>On January 30th 2018, Professor Ken Conca and Professor Geoff Dabelko will be recognized with the prestigious Al-Moumin Award for their outstanding contributions to environmental peacebuilding. The event will take place in Washington DC, at American University, at the School of International Service, in the Founders Room.</p> <p> </p> <p>The Al-Moumin Award and Distinguished Lecture on Environmental Peacebuilding recognizes leading thinkers who are shaping the field of environmental peacebuilding. It is named after Dr. Mishkat Al-Moumin, Iraq’s first Minister of Environment, a human rights and environment lawyer.</p> <p> </p> <p>Fifteen years ago, Ken Conca and Geoff Dabelko published Environmental Peacemaking, a rejoinder to grim scenarios foreseeing environmental change as a driver of conflict. Conca, Dabelko, and collaborators argued that, despite conflict risks, shared environmental interests and cooperative action could also be a basis for building trust, establishing shared identities, and transforming conflict into peace. In the fifth Al-Moumin lecture, Conca and Dabelko will reflect on the evolution of environmental peacebuilding research and their long-term engagement with policymakers and practitioners applying these insights around the world.</p> <p> </p> <p>Dr. Ken Conca is a Professor of International Relations in the School of International Service and American University. Dr. Geoff Dabelko is a Professor and Director of Environmental Studies at the Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs at Ohio University; he is also a Senior Advisor to the Environmental Change and Security Program of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. The Al-Moumin Award and Distinguished Lecture of Environmental Peacebuilding recognizes leading thinkers who are shaping the field of environmental peacebuilding. It is named after Dr. Mishkat Al-Moumin, Iraq’s first Minister of Environment, a human rights and environment lawyer.</p> <p> <span> </span></p> <p>This event is free and open to the public. Space is limited. Register at: <a href="https://www.eventbrite.com/e/5th-al-moumin-award-and-lecture-with-ken-conca-and-geoff-dabelko-tickets-28186979013">https://www.eventbrite.com/e/5th-al-moumin-award-and-lecture-with-ken-conca-and-geoff-dabelko-tickets-28186979013</a>  </p> <p> </p> <p>Tuesday, January 30, 2018</p> <p>Founders Room, School of International Service Building</p> <p>American University</p> <p>4400 Massachusetts Avenue NW</p> <p>Washington, D.C. 20016</p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://www.eventbrite.com/e/5th-al-moumin-award-and-lecture-with-ken-conca-and-geoff-dabelko-tickets-28186979013?aff=es2">Register here</a></p> Tue, 30 Jan 2018 00:00:00 -0800 Using Science Diplomacy in the South China Sea <p style="text-align: justify;">Despite White House efforts to deny well-established climate change reports and U.S. withdrawal from the 2015 Paris Climate Accord, most might question the wisdom of laying down a science — led peace-building plan in the contested South China Sea disputes. Yet science may prove to be the linchpin for bringing about cooperation rather than competition not only among the claimant nations in the region but also between Washington and Beijing. While President Trump’s recent offer to Vietnam’s President Tran Dai Quang to mediate the complex and challenging disputes over access to fish stocks, conservation of biodiversity and sovereignty claims caught many observers by surprise, it should not have.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The stakes are getting higher in the turbulent South China Sea, not only because of Beijing’s militarization of reclaimed islands but also the prospects of a fisheries collapse. This should weigh heavily on all claimant nations and especially the United States. Challenges around food security and renewable fish resources are fast becoming a hardscrabble reality for more than fishermen. In 2014, the Center for Biological Diversity warned that it could be a scary future, indeed, with as many as 30-50 percent of all species possibly headed toward extinction by mid-century.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">It’s not too late for the U.S. to take the scientific high ground and renew the legacy of science diplomacy. After all, science initiatives are more widely accepted as efforts to solve global issues requiring contributions from all parties even if they have been dealt a bad hand elsewhere. On Nov. 3, the White House signed off on a report attributing climate change and global warming to humanity. The report is in direct contradiction to the president’s action pulling the U.S. out of the Paris accord on climate change earlier this year.</p> Thu, 16 Nov 2017 00:00:00 -0800 Climate Change, Food Security and Sustaining Peace <div class="st__content-block st__content-block--text"> <p style="text-align: justify;">‘We have succeeded at keeping famine at bay, we have not kept suffering at bay’, said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres while briefing members of the UN Security Council on 12 October. Explaining the impediments to an effective response to the risks of famine in north-east Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen, and, Guterres named conflict as a root cause of famine.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> </div> <div class="st__content-block st__content-block--text"> <p style="text-align: justify;">Guterres is right. In fact, a recent report on the state of the world’s food security—jointly published by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), World Food Programme (WFP) and World Health Organization (WHO)—puts the number of people affected both by hunger and conflict at 489 million. That is about 60 per cent of the 815 million people suffering worldwide from hunger and malnutrition. The report further details that the connection between conflict and hunger is especially notable ‘where the food security impacts of conflict were compounded by droughts or floods, linked in part to the El Niño phenomenon’. There appears to be a general consensus among UN agencies that conflict, as a root cause of hunger and malnutrition, needs to be addressed. Evidently, this is easier said than done.</p> </div> Thu, 16 Nov 2017 00:00:00 -0800 Liberia/Sierra Leone: International Project Manager - Community Landscape Management <p><span>The RSPB was formed to counter the barbarous trade in plumes for women's hats, a fashion responsible for the destruction of many thousands of egrets, birds of paradise and other species whose plumes had become fashionable in the late Victorian era.</span><span><br><br></span></p> <p>Reserves are at the heart of what we do. They're vital to our conservation work and priceless spaces for everyone to get close to nature. We believe they work best when they connect with wild spaces and habitats in the wider landscape. That's why we'll be working to make <span>bigger, better, more joined up</span> <span>homes.</span></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p id="job-location"><strong>Location</strong>: Sierra Leone - 80% Liberia - 20%</p> <p> </p> <p>Passionate about working with rural communities? Knowledgeable about landscape conservation? Excited to contribute to the conservation of a globally important biodiversity hotspot?</p> <p><br><br>Tetra Tech ARD, implementer of the West Africa Biodiversity &amp; Climate Change (WA BiCC) for USAID has awarded the RSPB a grant for "Community Landscape Management to Reduce Deforestation and Biodiversity Loss in the Gola Transboundary Forest Landscape". </p> <p><br><br>The Gola Rainforest Programme is an exciting long-term initiative supporting the management of the critical landscape in Sierra Leone and in Liberia which is a global priority for biodiversity conservation. The RSPB is seeking a dynamic Project Manager to deliver the objectives of the WA BiCC Project. This project will build on the efforts of government and partner organizations in both Sierra Leone and Liberia to protect this unique landscape. These efforts will rely on our long term experience in this landscape (i.e Gola REDD, GolaMA projects) and contribute to improving the connection between forest blocks in country and between the two counties. Across both countries the project will build capacity through targeted training, outreach and awareness raising as well as lesson learning.</p> <h1><br>Main Duties are:</h1> <p><br>1. To ensure the alignment with the WA BiCC Project's targets and objectives through robust planning, delivering, budgeting, reporting and internal evaluations for the effective implementation of the project. This involves leading on the implementation of the monitoring and evaluation protocol for measuring success at the outcome level.</p> <p><br><br>2. Ensure the project and its partners comply with all donor requirements.</p> <p><br><br>3. Assist each project partner with (but not restricted to):</p> <ul><li>collaborating with key stakeholders, including other projects and Governments to further develop and deliver community development activities that have clear and measurable linkages to the WA BiCC project's objectives, focusing on the forest edge communities in the leakage belt around the two National Parks, including agriculture, and community-based forest management.</li> </ul><ul><li>the development and implementation of pilot co-management initiatives with stakeholder communities</li> </ul><p><br><br>4. Assist each project partner with:</p> <ul><li>the provision of efficient logistical support to deliver the work</li> <li>project/partner/staff performance evaluations</li> <li>development, implementation and monitoring of information management systems</li> <li>monitoring of all operational expenditures to ensure alignment with approved budgets and donor requirements;</li> </ul><p><br><br>5. Provide capacity building in effective project management, monitoring and implementation to the local Birdlife Partner's staff in Sierra Leone and in Liberia; providing technical support and leadership to the Senior Management team in the appropriate and efficient deployment, use and management of resources;</p> <p><br><br>6. Develop and maintain key relationships with partners, local and national stakeholders, with a particular focus on WA BiCC and Governments.</p> <p><br><br>(The benefits package includes accommodation, flights and travel insurance.)</p> <p><br><br>Candidates do not need to be eligible to work in the UK for this position.</p> <p> </p> <h1>Salary</h1> <p> </p> <p>Starting at - £39,970 to £46,632 per annum</p> <p> </p> <h1>Hours &amp; contract information</h1> <p> </p> <p>Hours: Full time</p> <p><br>Contract: 2 years</p> <p> </p> <p id="job-dates">Closing date: 27 November 2017</p> <p> </p> <h1>How to apply</h1> <p> </p> <p>You can find more information about the role in the downloads below. Please make sure you include reference number <em>A3391017</em> on any correspondence.</p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://www.rspb.org.uk/Images/a3391017internationalprojectmanagerrp_tcm9-447998.pdf">Role Profile</a> (Word 256Kb, requires Microsoft Word)</p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://www.rspb.org.uk/Images/a3391017internationalprojectmanageraf_tcm9-447999.docx">Application details</a> (Word 29Kb, requires Microsoft Word)</p> <p> </p> <p><em>For questions about this post</em><br>Emily Woodfield<br>emily.woodfield@rspb.org.uk<br>07894 173087</p> <p> </p> <p><em>Send application details to</em><br>Joe Jeffcoate<br>joe.jeffcoate@rspb.org.uk<br>The RSPB, The Lodge, Potton Road, Sandy, Bedfordshire, SG19 2DL, 01767693369</p> <p><span><br>Read more at https://www.rspb.org.uk/about-the-rspb/about-us/job-vacancies/details/448000-international-project-manager-community-landscape-management#Hop5UMoGF84qzgl7.99</span></p> Wed, 15 Nov 2017 00:00:00 -0800 Momentum Continues to Grow in UN Study on Laws Protecting Environment in Conflict <p style="text-align: justify;">The International Law Commission (ILC) is mandated by the UN with the progressive development and codification of international law, and added the topic ‘Protection of the environment in relation to armed conflicts’ (PERAC) to its programme of work in 2013. The move reflected a consensus view among academics, experts, and international organizations that the existing framework was inadequate to deter or address environmental harm from conflicts and military activities. It was also clear that, while a range of different bodies of law afford some protection at different stages of conflicts, precisely how they interact required closer examination. Since 2013, the ILC’s work has also reflected, and been informed by, a number of policy and political initiatives that have emerged on conflict and the environment.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The annual debates on the work of the ILC in the Sixth Committee provide states with an opportunity to comment on the priorities for the work and to provide substantive feedback on its outcomes. Thus far these have taken the form of draft principles, some, such as those applicable during conflict have been based heavily on treaty-based and customary international humanitarian law (IHL), others on preventative and post-conflict measures, have been informed by the practice of states and international organizations, as well as broader environmental norms. You can find our coverage of earlier annual debates here: 2014, 2015 and 2016.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This year has marked a turning point in the PERAC study. The ILC’s <em>Special Rapporteur</em> on PERAC, Dr. Marie Jacobsson of Sweden, came to the end of her term with the ILC. Dr. Jacobsson had proved energetic, and across three reports had prepared 18 draft principles for review by the ILC and states. However, as it is not unknown for topics to become orphaned at the ILC following the departure of a <em>Special Rapporteur</em>, there were concerns for the future of the PERAC topic ahead of the ILC’s meeting last July. These ultimately proved unfounded. The ILC established a working group on the topic, which moved swiftly to appoint a replacement: Dr. Marja Lehto of Finland. That this process took place so quickly – it could have been delayed until 2018 – reflects the support for PERAC among ILC members, the interest among states – as demonstrated in 2016’s debate, as well as the increasing international interest in the topic – for example the 2016 UN Environment Assembly resolution on the <em>‘Protection of the environment in areas affected by armed conflicts’</em>.</p> Mon, 13 Nov 2017 00:00:00 -0800 South China Sea Needs Science Diplomacy Policy <p style="text-align: justify;"><span>Despite White House efforts to deny well-established climate change reports, coupled with US withdrawal from the 2015 Paris Climate Accord, most might question the wisdom of laying down a wild card in the midst of a scheduled high-stakes summit between President Xi Jinping and Donald Trump.  Yet science may prove to be the lynchpin for bringing about cooperation rather than competition not only among the claimant nations in the contested South China Sea but also between Washington and Beijing.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span>After all, science has always been a key part of the US diplomacy arsenal when informing foreign policy. The territorial claims among China, Vietnam, Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaysia, and Brunei in the turbulent waters of the South China Sea remain a serious threat to the political and ecological security of Southeast Asia. As such, environmental degradation remains at the center of South China Sea scientific policy conversations, and for an increasing number of policy shapers and scientists, there’s an urgent need to address acidification, biodiversity loss, regional impacts of climate change, coral reef destruction, and fishery collapse.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span>Enter science diplomacy. The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) defines the role of science as being used to inform foreign policy decisions, promoting international scientific collaborations, and establishing scientific cooperation to ease tensions between nations.</span></p> Wed, 08 Nov 2017 00:00:00 -0800 A Toxic Legacy: Remediating Pollution in Iraq <div class="category-label"> <h2 class="title-news-h2"><a href="https://www.newsecuritybeat.org/category/blog-columns/guest-contributor/"></a></h2> </div> <div class="news-text single"> <p style="text-align: justify;">As the so-called Islamic State loses control over the areas it once occupied, it is leaving behind a toxic legacy.  The initial findings of a scoping mission undertaken by UN Environment Programme’s Conflict and Disasters branch found a trail of localized pollution that could have acute and chronic consequences for Iraq—and not just for its environment.<span id="more-66881"></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">While this is a good start, a much wider assessment is needed to strengthen Iraq’s capacity to minimize civilian exposure to toxic remnants of war and their acute and chronic health impacts. And larger questions loom: How can we hold the perpetrators accountable? What are the long-term environmental health risks for affected communities? Could the pollution—and inadequate responses to it—spur political grievances? </p> </div> Tue, 07 Nov 2017 00:00:00 -0800 Trailer, Website, and Enrollment Are LIVE for MOOC on Environmental Security & Sustaining Peace <p>Marking the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict, we are pleased to announce a new massive open online course (MOOC) on Environmental Security &amp; Sustaining Peace.</p> <p> </p> <p>Based on two decades of experience, UN Environment, the Environmental Law Institute, Columbia University, Duke University, and the University of California-Irvine have developed a MOOC on Environmental Security and Sustaining Peace. Offered on the SDG Academy platform, the Course synthesizes 100,000 pages of material and 225 case studies from over 60 post-conflict countries into seven hours of film.</p> <p> </p> <p>The course addresses three key issues: (1) how natural resources and the environment contribute to or amplify armed conflict and violence; (2) how natural resources and the environment are impacted by war and armed conflict;and(3) how natural resources and the environment can support post-conflict peacebuilding and reconstruction. Our MOOC is geared toward technical experts, field practitioners, and advanced university students.</p> <p> </p> <p>The eight-week MOOC starts on 1 March 2018 but official registration launches today! Join us to learn how we can make natural resources a source of cooperation, rather than conflict.</p> <p> </p> <p>You can enroll for the MOOC here: <a href="https://courses.sdgacademy.org/learn/environmental-security-and-sustaining-peace-march-2018">https://courses.sdgacademy.org/learn/environmental-security-and-sustaining-peace-march-2018</a></p> <p> </p> <p>View the course trailer here: <a href="https://youtu.be/pqsLlzz9l28">https://youtu.be/pqsLlzz9l28</a></p> <p> </p> <p>For more information, please visit:  <a href="http://www.epmooc.org/">www.epmooc.org</a>.</p> <p> </p> <p>[embed width=480 height=270 class=left thumbnail=https://i.ytimg.com/vi/pqsLlzz9l28/hqdefault.jpg?r]http://youtu.be/pqsLlzz9l28[/embed]</p> Mon, 06 Nov 2017 00:00:00 -0800 Confronting Climate Change as an Accelerator of Crisis <p style="text-align: justify;">More frequent and severe droughts, millions at risk of famine, the spread of conflict and mass displacement - these are the challenges of our time and have generated the worst humanitarian crisis since the establishment of the United Nations. While the UN and partners scale up immediate responses, an important focus is to ensure contribution to and complementarity with longer-term solutions that address the root causes of fragility. Climate change has arisen as a key driver of action in this regard.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Around the world, climate change is affecting food security, generating social vulnerability and disrupting peace and security. The 2017 State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World report notes how the world is witnessing the first rise in global hunger in a decade and points to conflict and climate change as the two key drivers. This is particularly relevant for the Arab region, where many of the countries affected by conflict are also among the region’s top climate risk hotspots.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The Arab region is home to rising levels of conflict and the world’s largest population of refugees and displaced people. Simultaneously, it is now the planet’s most water scarce and food import-dependent region, and the only region where malnutrition rates have been rising. By 2030, it is expected that grain imports will increase further - by more than 20 percent in some countries in the region.</p> Mon, 06 Nov 2017 00:00:00 -0800 Joint #envconflictday Statement: Protecting the Environment, Protecting People <p style="text-align: justify;"><span>NGOs and leading experts have used the United Nation’s International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict to call for greater progress in efforts to protect people and the environment from the impact of warfare.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Highlighting the ongoing conflicts in Iraq, Libya, Syria, Ukraine and Yemen, the 32 organizations and 12 experts argue that conflict pollution, and damage to ecosystems and natural resources, pose immediate threats to human health and threaten reconstruction and peacebuilding.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The signatories, which include humanitarian, environmental, legal and development organizations, as well as experts in healthcare and conservation, highlight five priorities for the international community that would minimise harm to people and the environment they depend on.</p> Mon, 06 Nov 2017 00:00:00 -0800