Environmental Peacebuilding Update

Issue 14: 22 Jul 2014


Environmental Peacebuilding Expands Library Functionality
22 July 2014 | ELI and UNEP
Environmental Peacebuilding has expanded the online Library of information on environmental peacebuilding. New functionality enables people to find library resources more effectively. There is now an expanded search function to narrow searches by entering keywords, topics, and countries. Users can also browse by region or topic in the Library. Read More

Disasters and Conflicts: Policy and Field Updates January-July 2014
21 July 2014 | UNEP
UNEP’s Disasters and Conflicts sub-programme which started in 1999, has released policy and field updates from its ongoing its activities and initiatives between January and July 2014. The sub-programme’s activities include those related to Post-Crisis Environmental Assessment, Post-Crisis Environmental Recovery, Environmental Cooperation for Peacebuilding, and Disaster Risk Reduction. Read More

Environmental Peacebuilding Posts Curricula
21 July 2014 | ELI and UNEP
Environmental Peacebuilding has created a new page to share curricula that draws from the environmental peacebuilding knowledge platform and case studies. Curricula materials include example syllabi and other materials for university classes and professional training courses related to natural resources, conflict, and peacebuilding. Read More

Conflict Minerals Resource Center Launches New 2014 Training Module
18 July 2014 | JustMeans
Seven of the world's largest industry associations collaborated with Source Intelligence and Schulte Roth & Zabel LLP to launch a web-based training module within the Conflict Minerals Resource Center (CMRC). The goal of the joint initiative is to deploy an easy-to-use conflict minerals training tool for suppliers in the seven associations’ industries. Read More

Survey: Climate Change and Fragile Settings
17 July 2014 | International Institute for Sustainable Development
The IISD Resilience Programme is conducting a survey of peacebuilding and development professionals working in fragile states. This survey will improve understanding of how people responsible for planning and implementing development programs in fragile contexts address immediate and long-term climate-related risks. Read More

Call for Papers: International Conference on Political Science and International Relations
17 July 2014 | WASET
The conference is the premier interdisciplinary forum for the presentation of new advances and research results in the fields of political science and international relations. Relevant topics pertaining to Environmental Peacebuilding include: Territorial Conflicts, Peace Studies, Conflict Analysis, International Law and Politics, Public, Intedisciplinary Perspective on Violence and Politics, Change... Read More

Call for Papers: World Water Congress
17 July 2014 | International Water Resources Association (IWRA)
The IWRA World Water Congress invites participation in special sessions  through scientific presentations, posters and articles, exhibition spaces, sponsoring and promotion, or side events. Themes include: The role of water in post-conflict peacebuilding, Corporate Social Responsibility: impacts on the water sector, Inter-basin transfers: when are they appropiate and when are... Read More

Call for Papers: International Conference on Environmental and Territorial Sciences
9 July 2014 | World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
The ICETS 2014: International Conference on Environmental and Territorial Sciences is the premier interdisciplinary forum for the presentation of new advances and research results in the fields of Environmental and Territorial Sciences. Topics pertaining to Environmental Peacebuilding include: Determinants of Territorial Conflicts, Conflicts, Compromises and Territorial Governance, Democratic Peace and Territorial Conflict,... Read More


The Process for Conflict Minerals Due Diligence
23 July 2014 | Webinar
On 23 July 2014, Claigan Environmental Inc. will present a webinar on how to conduct due diligence for conflict minerals. One of the most fundamentally misunderstood parts of Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act, as evidenced by the recent submissions to the SEC, is how to conduct due diligence on the... Read More

National Security and Climate Change: What Do We Need to Know?
29 July 2014 | Washington, DC
What do a White House senior advisor, a member of Congress, scientists, military planners, and business people have in common? At a June 4 symposium in Seattle organized by the Jackson Foundation and PNNL, they all agreed that climate change is having an impact on national security that will only increase... Read More

Fourth Global International Studies Conference
6 August 2014 | Frankfurt, Germany
The overarching theme of the conference is "Justice, Peace and Stability: Risks and Opportunities for Governance and Development“. Some relevant sessions are organized by Tobias Ide and Jürgen Scheffran on “Climate Change, Cooperation and Conflict” and on “Climate Change, Migration and Conflict”. Read More

3rd Automotive Industry Conflict Minerals Industry Briefing
14 August 2014 | Michigan, US
This event is an opportunity to hear an overview of Conflict Minerals Reporting-Year 1 as well as information on the year ahead. The automotive industry will present its perspective on conflict minerals reporting and the audience will receive an update on the industry-leading work AIAG and its members have done... Read More

Workshop: Climate, Land Use, and Conflict in Northern Africa
22 September 2014 | Hamburg, Germany
This workshop is co-organized by CLISEC and the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology. Further details about this event will be added to the CLISEC web site soon. Read More

1st Regional Youth Peace Camp for COMESA/ Great Lakes Region 2014
12 October 2014 | Lusaka, Zambia
Centre for Peace and security (CPS) focuses on conflict mediations, security sector reforms policy research, advocacy and public interest, peace and security education and litigation and capacity building for conflict management and resolution. The goal is to enhance communities’ participation in peace and conflict resolution and natural resource governance processes. Read More

New Library Resources

In the last two weeks, 30 new publications were added to our online library of resources on environmental peacebuilding. Here is a sampling of the new additions:

The Road to the Two Sudans
Souad T. Ali, Stephanie Beswick, Richard Lobban, Jay Spaulding (Cambridge Scholars, 2014)
One chapter of this volume, by Sam L. Laki, titled “The Role of Oil in the Sudanese Civil War,” explores the impact of the discovery of oil in Sudan. Laki, a professor of resource economics at the International Center for Water Resources Management, Central State University, Wilberforce, Ohio, who earned... Read More

Mineral Resources and Conflicts in DRC: A Case of Ecological Fallacy?
Jean-François Maystadt, Giacomo De Luca, Petros G. Sekeris,John Ulimwengu (Oxford Economic Papers, 2014)
The paper estimates the impact of geo-located mining concessions on the number of conflict events recorded in the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1997 and 2007. Instrumenting the variable of interest with historical concessions interacted with changes in international prices of minerals, the paper unveils an ecological fallacy: whereas... Read More

Natural Resources and Insecurity
Mary Kaldor, Iavor Rangelov (The Handbook of Global Security Policy, 2014)
The Natural Resources and Insecurity chapter argues that evidence that natural resources cause civil war onset is not as robust as is popularly believed, especially when it stems from cross-country studies. From a policy point of view, the question of how the supposed relationship between natural resources and violent conflict... Read More

Managing Myanmar's Resource Boom to Lock in Reforms
Cullen S. Hendrix, Marcus Noland (Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2014)
Myanmar is in the midst of a multifaceted transition, involving political reform, economic reform, and the resolution of multiple long-standing civil conflicts. The country has a history of ethnoreligious conflict and separatism, civil-military relations are muddy, and business-military-state relations are similarly opaque. Read More

A Human Security Perspective on Natural Resource Conflict and Rural Development
Jennifer Bond (University of Copenhagen, 2014)
Conflicts in relation to natural resources occur throughout the world in a range of contexts, from rural to urban and across a spectrum ranging from non-violent conflicts of interest to outright violence. These conflicts may be between specific user groups such as agriculturalists and pastoralists or humans and wildlife, or... Read More

Resource Rents, Institutions, and Violent Civil Conflicts
Ibrahim Ahmed Elbadawiab, Raimundo Sotoc (Defence and Peace Economics, 2014)
Natural resources have been blamed for inducing slow growth and sparking civil conflicts and violence. This paper first develops a model to account for the hazard of armed civil conflicts as a manifestation of the natural resource curse, which is mediated by the quality of both economic and political institutions. Read More

Reparations, Land and Natural Resources
C. Kruckow, C. Schraml (FriEnt, 2014)
Loss of land, displacement and eviction, changed land ownership and tenure patterns and general loss of access to a broad range of natural resources may be consequences of wars and violent conflicts. Climate change, environmental degradation, large-scale investments, urbanisation and industrialisation sometimes have similar effects as well. Read More

Territory and War
Monica Duffy Toft (Journal of Peace Research, 2014)
In the past four decades scholars have produced a large literature on the relationship between territory and war. What is clear is that territory has been and will continue to be a core issue in explaining the escalation and onset of war and that territory has peculiar features that impact... Read More

Do Natural Resources Matter for Interstate and Intrastate Armed Conflict?
Vally Koubi, Gabriele Spilker, Tobias Böhmelt, Thomas Bernauer (Journal of Peace Research, 2014)
This article reviews the existing theoretical arguments and empirical findings linking renewable and non-renewable natural resources to the onset, intensity, and duration of intrastate as well as interstate armed conflict. Renewable resources are supposedly connected to conflict via scarcity, while non-renewable resources are hypothesized to lead to conflict via resource abundance. Read More

Land Rights and Mine Action in Myanmar
Displacement Solutions, 2014
As Myanmar continues on its path of political and economic reforms and its pursuit of ceasefire and peace agreements between the government and ethnic groups, the various peace processes underway to resolve the country’s long-standing ethnic conflicts will need to address landmine survey and clearance and the determination of rights... Read More

Demand, Supply and Restraint: Determinants of Domestic Water Conflict and Cooperation
Tobias Böhmelt (Global Environmental Change, 2014)
This article focuses on one of the most likely empirical manifestations of the “environment-conflict” claim by examining how demand for and supply of water may lead to domestic water conflict. It also studies what factors may reduce the risk of conflict and, hence, induce cooperation. Read More


In the last two weeks, 13 new jobs were added to our online listing of job postings. Here is a sampling of the new additions:

Nepal: Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist for Nex Project (Deadline: 2014-07-23)
8 July 2014 | UNCDF
United Nation Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) is the UN’s capital investment agency for the world’s 49 least developed countries. It creates new opportunities for poor people and their communities by increasing access to microfinance and investment capital. Read More

Papua New Guinea: Village Assembly Strengthening Project Manager (Deadline: 2014-07-27)
17 July 2014 | CARE Australia
CARE PNG is looking to fill the position of Village Assembly Strengthening (VAS) Project Manager. The VAS Project aims to build the organisational capacity of local government within selected districts, incorporating gender equity and youth involvement, and supporting the development of accountable and participatory planning processes in the Autonomous Region... Read More

Rwanda: Contract and Fiscal Expert (Deadline: 2014-07-30)
17 July 2014 | Government of Rwanda (GoR)
The Government of Rwanda (GoR) with support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is implementing the Strategic Capacity Building Initiative (SCBI). Official implementation of the SCBI began in November 2011 and the programme is set to run for up to June 2018. Read More

Central African Republic: WASH Project Manager (Deadline: 2014-08-01)
10 July 2014 | Tearfund
Immediate start until end November 2014 (possible extension, subject to funding) Unaccompanied An exciting opportunity has arisen to work with Tearfund in our new programme in the Central African RepublicThe WASH Project Manager is responsible for Tearfund's WASH programming in and around Bangui, responding to the ongoing crisis. Read More

Rwanda, Kenya, Burundi: Africa Government Officer (Deadline: 2015-06-22)
17 July 2014 | One Acre Fund
One Acre Fund is increasingly exploring opportunities to work together with the Ministries of Agriculture in the countries where we work. There exist very powerful opportunities to partner with the Ministries to both shape policy, but more importantly to implement effective policy, coordinated together with our significant field presence. Read More

International News

Liberia: Liberia Clan Fights Palm Oil Land Grab, Accused of Harassing Investors
21 July 2014 | AFK Insider
Liberia’s Jogbahn Clan is at the forefront of efforts to resist the grab of Indigenous Peoples’ land and forests for palm oil plantations. But according to the country’s President, they are only ‘harassing and extorting’ international investors. Read More

Syria: Scores Killed in Clash as Jihadis Seize a Gas Field
18 July 2014 | NYT Syria
Islamic extremists killed at least 115 Syrian troops, guards and workers while capturing a gas field in central Syria after a long day of clashes. More than 20 insurgents also died in the fighting. Read More

Myanmar: Sagaing Court Imprisons 18 Farmers for Actions in Land Dispute
17 July 2014 | Zarni Mann, The Irrawaddy
MANDALAY — A Sagaing Division court sentenced 18 farmers to prison terms varying from three months to three years on Thursday on charges of trespassing and causing damage, after the farmers had plowed land that is being claimed by a sugar cane company, local villagers said. Read More

South Sudan: Sudan: Abyei Community Accuses Sudan of Deadly Attack
17 July 2014 | AllAfrica
Juba — Officials and community leaders from the contested oil-producing region of Abyei have accused the Sudanese government of carrying out a raid on Thursday in which a number of people were killed. Read More

Timor-Leste: Timor Leste Considers Onshore Oil Block Auction at the End of 2014
16 July 2014 | Macauhub
Timor Leste (East Timor) is considering launching its first auction of onshore oil blocks at the end of this year, the Oil & Gas Journal reported. Read More

Ivory Coast VPA: Work in Progress
15 July 2014 | EU Forest Watch
Representatives from the Ivory Coast -government, private sector and civil society- met with European Commission officials in Brussels from 24 - 26 June 2014, to conduct formal negotiations for Ivory Coast’s VPA. Read More

Sierra Leone: ‘Minerals Sector is Growing’- NMA DG
11 July 2014 | Awoko
The prophecy made by President Ernest Bai Koroma that by 2035 Sierra Leone will become a middle-income country, has been conceived by the Director General of the National Minerals Agency (NMA), Sahr Wonday who said “the minerals sector is growing, and it has the potential to transform Sierra Leone to... Read More

Conflict Minerals: U.S. Companies Wary of Suppliers’ Conflict Minerals
9 July 2014 | Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Wandering into an American Eagle Outfitters store, a customer is more likely to wonder if a denim jacket will look good with a purple V-neck T-shirt than whether that jacket’s metal buttons contributed to the war chests of armed groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Read More


What Will it Take to End the “Resource Curses?”
21 July 2014 | World Resources Institute
The discovery of oil in Chad in the 1990s brought new hope to the impoverished, land-locked nation. After the World Bank financed a $4.2 billion pipeline to carry oil from Chad to the Atlantic port of Kibri in Cameroon, the African nation began to see significant economic benefits. Read More

Climate Change Will Test Water-Sharing Agreements
16 July 2014 | NewSecurityBeat
Many existing water-sharing treaties should be re-assessed in the context of climate change. While “water wars” have historically been incredibly rare, the changes to water systems wrought by climate change may change things. “Environmental changes may aggravate political tensions, especially in regions that are not equipped with an appropriate institutional... Read More

How Do We Avert a Thirsty Future?
16 July 2014 | The Globe and Mail
There is a tongue-in-cheek saying in America – attributed to Mark Twain, who lived through the early phase of the California Water Wars – that “whisky is for drinking and water is for fighting over.” It highlights the consequences, even if somewhat apocryphally, as ever-scarcer water resources create a parched world. Read More

Can ISIS Overcome the Insurgency Resource Curse?
15 July 2014 | The Washington Post
The recent advances of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), since redubbed Islamic State, in northern and western Iraq brought into focus the profound ideological and sectarian cleavages that drive the conflicts in both Iraq and Syria. Read More

Conflict Resources: Conflict Minerals Law Starts Working Despite Poor Industry Response
9 July 2014 | African-American Observer
A U.S. law on conflict minerals is curbing African warlords' presence around mines in Congo, campaigners say, but its full impact remains unclear, with most firms failing to pinpoint the origin of their metals by a June deadline. Read More

Michael Klare, Fighting for Oil
8 July 2014 | TomDispatch
Call it a double whammy for the planet or simply irony with a capital "I." As the invaluable Michael Klare, TomDispatch regular and author of The Race for What's Left, points out today, if you scan the planet for conflict, what you'll find from Syria and Iraq to the South... Read More

About Our Community of Practice

Environmental Peacebuilding is a knowledge platform and global community of practice on natural resources, conflict, and peace, hosted by the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), UN Environment, McGill University, and the University of Tokyo. The platform unites a global network of researchers, practitioners, and decision makers in sharing experiences and lessons from managing natural resources in fragile states and conflict-affected settings. The platform also helps people to access new publications on the topic, conduct new research, and participate in events to support the growth of the field. As part of our Community of Practice, we bring you biweekly updates on recent developments, including news about our program as well as links to new publications, upcoming conferences and events, and job openings.

Please visit us at www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org for more information. Financial support for the platform has been provided by the Government of Finland, USAID, and the European Commission. 

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The strength of the knowledge platform depends on submissions and suggestions on contents from users. To share publications and information on events, job opportunities, and other announcements, please contact share@environmentalpeacebuilding.org. Please also feel free to share ideas on how the platform can be further improved to meet your needs.

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